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Philosophy

  • Auteur:
    Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von.
    Sommaire:

    Thoughts and ideas from the versatile and brilliant German writer and statesman. The German author of Faust takes a detour from his usual literary endeavors and offers snippets of his musings on life, literature, science, nature, politics, and the human condition. Essential for fans of Goethe's works, it provides a unique insight into the mind of the last true Renaissance man. This ebook has been professionally proofread to ensure accuracy and readability on all devices.

  • Auteur:
    Carver, Terrell
    Sommaire:

    Karl Marx was the first theorist of global capitalism and remains perhaps its most trenchant critic. This clear and innovative book, from one of the leading contemporary experts on Marx's thought, gives us a fresh overview of his ideas by framing them within concepts that remain topical and alive today, from class struggle and progress to democracy and exploitation. Taking Marx's work in his pamphleteering, journalism, speeches, correspondence and published books as central to a renewed understanding of the man and his politics, this book brings both his life experience and our contemporary political engagements vividly to life. It shows us the many ways that a nineteenth-century thinker has been made into the 'Marx' we know today, beginning with his own self-presentations before moving on to the successive different "Marxes" that were later constructed: an icon of communist revolution, a demonic figure in the Cold War, a 'humanist' philosopher, and a spectre haunting Occupy Wall Street. Carver's accessible and lively book unpacks the historical, intellectual and political difficulties that make Marx sometimes difficult to read and understand, while also highlighting the distinct areas where his challenging writings speak directly to the twenty-first-century world. It will be essential reading for students and scholars throughout the social sciences and anyone interested in the contemporary legacy of his revolutionary ideas.

  • Auteur:
    Vanier, Jean
    Sommaire:

    National Bestseller In Made for Happiness, Jean Vanier examines the basis for modern moral philosophy and its role in our lives today. Having discovered through his work with the intellectually disabled the degree to which our society is divided, and our values misplaced, Vanier invites us to read with fresh eyes theories of happiness written 2,400 years ago. The book follows the links between psychology, spirituality, and morality: psychology helps us face our fears and limitations; spirituality gives us strength; and morality helps us to choose the best actions, those that will make us happier, and thus more human. The combination of these paths to knowledge and wisdom gives meaning to our lives and allows us to make the best use of our freedom on our way to happiness. Lucidly written, Made for Happiness links classical thought to contemporary challenges, and nourishes the heart and mind. This new edition includes an introduction by Ian Brown.

  • Auteur:
    Merz, Kenneth M.
    Sommaire:

    Presenting his view of life as optimism triumphant, Dr. Ken Merz, Sr., reflects on the limits of life, the limits of the physical universe and the role of humans in that universe. He explains various laws of science in a clear and accessible style while reviewing aspects of physical reality, aspects of biological reality and definitions of scientific reality. Discussing mankind's ongoing search for truth, he examines the distinction between believing and knowing. The book's themes include time and change, with a consideration of the work of Darwin, Mendel, and Watson and Crick. Explaining the basics of the double helix of DNA and the micro evolution of life, Dr. Merz ponders individualism and evolution, and makes a plea for humans to wield their power over life responsibly. Recent events forcefully show that humans live on a limited planet and themselves have limited abilities. Limits face us from every direction. The Earth has a limited surface with limited arable and to farm, oxygen to breathe, water to drink, atoms to use and oil to burn. We are pressing against Earth's resources with unachievable demands. Humans have limits in their sensory ability, memory, perception of truth and endurance in the face of unending change. Science is limited to 92 elements and phenomena that are observable. Economics is limited to raising prices or seeking alternates. In a universe of unending change, existence itself is limited. Malthus, Toynbee, Tainter, Meadows, Diamond and many others have warned us of looming limits that would someday engulf our civilization. Nevertheless, we have continued to exploit resources wastefully, pollute the environment and cause extinctions. Man has searched for millennia but only since the time of Copernicus (1473–1543), Galileo (1564–1642), and Newton (1642–1727) has a reasonably useful procedure been found for finding truth: the scientific method of investigation. That method is the present source of humanity's ascendancy over the Earth and its creatures. The book explains the scientific method in terms of logic as well as the day to day activities of scientists. The method is the basis of higher living standards, improved health and longevity, and population growth. These are now diffusing into the countries of the third world, increasing the pressure on natural resources. We have learned from science that living creatures, including humans, were created by and are controlled by DNA — the double helix of deoxyribonucleic acid — which has been evolving for at least 3.5 billion years. DNA controls behavior as well as our physical bodies. If, as the only conscious and rational creature, we are to accept and fulfill the role as Natural Selector of life on Earth, we must somehow achieve a collective ethical nature commensurate with the task. We cannot wait hundreds of centuries for DNA to do it; there is no time. We must solve the problems of Earth and human survival with what we now have. Our only trustworthy hope is to follow the methods of science, listening carefully along the way. The Earth is now our home and responsibility; we must finally heed Buddha's injunction of 2500 years ago: The self is master of the self: for who else could be the master?

  • Auteur:
    Hage, Stephen J.
    Sommaire:

    To more clearly understand how the universe works, author Stephen Hage offers this template that outlines why, even though matter appears to truly exist, its existence cannot be scientifically proven. He explores enigmas in physics which still exist and cannot be satisfactorily explained. He explains why the Dimensional Structure of Consciousness is a new paradigm upon which a new myth can be constructed to help better understand how the universe works as Copernicus did when he shattered the myth that the Sun orbits the Earth rather than the other way around. The style is conversational and friendly and uses current vernacular to keep it that way. The approach is to invite the reader to consider the arguments made and avoid a posture which implies the author is right and Descartes was wrong. The book is intended to be valuable for intelligent lay readers interested in the subjects of consciousness, physics, quantum mechanics, philosophy, metaphysics, myth and meditation; and the deep and meaningful connections between those areas of inquiry. In a sense, the book is an interpretation and appreciation of three books by Samuel Avery: The Dimensional Structure of Consciousness, Transcendence of the Western Mind and Buddha and the Quantum.

  • Auteur:
    Mattéi, Jean-François
    Sommaire:

    L’Europe se trouve aujourd’hui en position d’accusée, souvent par les Européens eux-mêmes, du fait de sa prétention à l’universalité, de sa supériorité proclamée et de son arrogance intellectuelle. Qu’elle n’ait pas toujours été fidèle à ses principes, lors de la colonisation des autres peuples, ne met pourtant pas en cause sa légitimité. La critique de l’Europe n’est en effet possible qu’à l’aide des normes juridiques et des principes éthiques qu’elle a diffusés auprès de tous les peuples pour connaître le monde plutôt que pour le juger. Levinas n’avait donc pas tort de louer «la générosité même de la pensée occidentale qui, apercevant l’homme abstrait dans les hommes, a proclamé la valeur absolue de la personne et a englobé dans le respect qu’elle lui porte jusqu’aux cultures où ces personnes se tiennent et où elles s’expriment.» Il faut en prendre son parti : il n’y a pas plus d’égalité des cultures que de relativisme des valeurs. On ne saurait faire le procès de l’universel sans faire appel à la culture qui a donné cet universel en partage aux autres cultures.

  • Auteur:
    La Chance, Michaël
    Sommaire:

    Avant de rédiger son Discours de la méthode, véritable coup d’État dans la pensée philosophique du XVIIe siècle, le jeune Descartes avait fait trois songes dans une nuit de novembre 1619. Le cerveau en feu de M. De∫cartes revisite ces rêves, où le jeune philosophe entrevoit le fondement matriciel qui relie tous les êtres, et propose un quatrième songe dont il ne serait pas revenu. Nous avons voulu comprendre comment, à l’issue de cette nuit, Descartes entreprend de fonder le cogito contre tous les vertiges entrevus. Un délire philosophique a décidé du destin de l’Occident, a provoqué un durcissement de la raison. Aujourd’hui, alors que la raison de la technologie et de la finance est remise en cause, que nous remettons en doute la Raison des raisons, il importe de revisiter cette vision fondamentale et d’établir un dialogue avec l’écologie intuitive des cultures autochtones : c’est le cinquième songe.

  • Auteur:
    Blondin, Denis
    Sommaire:

    Plutôt que le regard fragmenté des spécialistes, c’est un regard global que Denis Blondin pose sur l’argent, sur sa magie, aussi bien que sur sa sorcellerie. La Mort de l’argent ne propose pas une avalanche de chiffres ou de faits, mais une collection d’idées et de points de vue sur la société, sur l’être humain, sur la forme sociale dans laquelle se sont incarnés l’Occident et l’univers mondialisé qui s’est trouvé placé sous sa gouverne. Une fois désacralisé, l’argent retrouve sa vraie place dans notre histoire, soit celle d’une invention humaine comme n’importe quelle autre, succédant au règne de la parenté et à celui de la religion. Une invention qui a connu un incroyable succès, mais qui arrive peut-être à son terme, parce qu’elle crée plus de nouveaux problèmes qu’elle n’en résout.

  • Auteur:
    Luchte, James
    Sommaire:

    Continuum's Reader's Guides are clear, concise and accessible introductions to classic works of philosophy. Each book explores the major themes, historical and philosophical context and key passages of a major philosophical text, guiding the reader toward a thorough understanding of often demanding material. Ideal for undergraduate students, the guides provide an essential resource for anyone who needs to get to grips with a philosophical text.Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is arguably the most important work of philosophy of the last two centuries. It is a classic text that is encountered by virtually every student of philosophy. As such, this is a hugely important and exciting, yet notoriously challenging, piece of philosophical writing. In Kant's 'Critique of Pure Reason': A Reader's Guide, James Luchte offers a clear and thorough account of this key philosophical work. The book offers a detailed review of the key themes and a lucid commentary that will enable readers to rapidly navigate the text. Geared towards the specific requirements of students who need to reach a sound understanding of the text as a whole, the guide explores the complex and important ideas inherent in the text and provides a cogent survey of the reception and influence of Kant's hugely important work.

  • Auteur:
    Herriot, Trevor
    Sommaire:

    The Genesis story of Jacob, the patriarch of the Judeo-Christian tradition, wrestling with a spirit has been interpreted in a multitude of ways, but never more persuasively than by Trevor Herriot in Jacob’s Wound. He sees it as a struggle between Jacob and his wilder twin brother, Esau, whose birthright Jacob has swindled. The central idea of Herriot’s brilliantly written, observant, and groundbreaking book is the wound that Jacob, the farmer, the civilized man, suffered in vanquishing Esau, the hunter, the primitive man. And the central question posed is whether we, as Jacob did with Esau, can eventually reconcile with the wildness we conquered and have been estranged from for so long.

    As if ambling through the author’s beloved Qu’Appelle Valley in Saskatchewan, Jacob’s Wound takes readers on an untrodden path through history, memoir, science, and theology. Along the way, Herriot tells us stories of the past and present that illuminate what we once were and what we have become. It’s a measured journey motivated by curiosity rather than by destination, and at every turn there is insight and beautiful writing.

  • Auteur:
    Hamilton, Sue
    Sommaire:

    India has a long, rich, and diverse tradition of philosophical thought, spanning some two and a half millennia and encompassing several major religious traditions.

    This Very Short Introduction emphasizes the diversity of Indian thought, and is structured around six schools which have achieved classic status. Sue Hamilton explores how the traditions have attempted to understand the nature of reality in terms of an inner or spiritual quest, and introduces distinctively Indian concepts such as karma and rebirth. She also shows how Indian thinkers have understood issues of reality and knowledge — issues which are also an important part of the Western
    philosophical tradition.

  • Auteur:
    Tanizaki, Junʼichirō
    Sommaire:

    An essay on aesthetics by the Japanese novelist, this book explores architecture, jade, food, and even toilets, combining an acute sense of the use of space in buildings. The book also includes descriptions of laquerware under candlelight and women in the darkness of the house of pleasure.

  • Auteur:
    Robertson, Donald
    Sommaire:

    "This book is a wonderful introduction to one of history's greatest figures: Marcus Aurelius. His life and this book are a clear guide for those facing adversity, seeking tranquility and pursuing excellence." - Ryan Holiday, bestselling author of The Obstacle is the Way and The Daily Stoic The life-changing principles of Stoicism taught through the story of its most famous proponent. Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius was the final famous Stoic philosopher of the ancient world. The Meditations, his personal journal, survives to this day as one of the most loved self-help and spiritual classics of all time. In How to Think Like a Roman Emperor, psychotherapist Donald Robertson weaves stories of Marcus's life from the Roman histories together with explanations of Stoicism-its philosophy and its psychology-to enlighten today's listeners. He discusses Stoic techniques for coping with everyday problems, from irrational fears and bad habits to anger, pain, and illness. How to Think Like a Roman Emperor takes listeners on a transformative journey along with Marcus, following his progress from a young noble at the court of Hadrian-taken under the wing of some of the finest philosophers of his day-through to his reign as emperor of Rome at the height of its power. Robertson shows how Marcus used philosophical doctrines and therapeutic practices to build emotional resilience and endure tremendous adversity, and guides listeners through applying the same methods to their own lives. Combining remarkable stories from Marcus's life with insights from modern psychology and the enduring wisdom of his philosophy, How to Think Like a Roman Emperor puts a human face on Stoicism and offers a timeless and essential guide to handling the ethical and psychological challenges we face today.

  • Auteur:
    Klein, Daniel M., Cathcart, Thomas
    Sommaire:

    This is a hilarious take on the philosophy, theology, and psychology of mortality, Death, the Big D. Humorists have kept pace with philosophers by creating gags about dying. Death's funny that way: it gets everybody's attention.

  • Auteur:
    Kant, Immanuel
    Sommaire:

    First published in 1785, this is still one of the most widely read and influential works on moral philosophy. This Broadview edition combines a newly revised version of T.K. Abbot's respected translation with material crucial for placing the Groundwork in the context of Kant's broader moral thought.
     

  • Auteur:
    Groarke, Leo
    Sommaire:

    Good Reasoning Matters! is a practical guide to recognizing, evaluating, and constructing arguments. Combining straightforward instruction with abundant exercises and examples, this innovative introduction to argument schemes and rhetorical techniques will help students
    learn to think critically both within and beyond the classroom.

  • Auteur:
    Fillion, Réal
    Sommaire:

    This work underscores the need to examine history philosophically, not only to better appreciate how it unfolds and relates to our own unfolding lives, but to better appreciate our free engagement in this changing world. Linking a conception of ourselves as free beings to the historical process was of central importance to the classical speculative philosophies of history of the nineteenth century, most notably Hegel’s. Michel Foucault’s work is often taken to be the antithesis of this kind of speculative approach. This book argues that Foucault, on the contrary, like Hegel, sees freedom as tied to the self-movement of thought as it realizes and shapes the world. Unlike Hegel, however, he does not see in that self-movement the process of Spirit reconciling itself with the world and thereby realizing itself as freedom. Rather, he sees in the freedom at the core of the self-movement of thought a possible threat around which that movement consolidates itself and gives shape to the world. Foucault’s work is therefore not a simple rejection of Hegel’s speculative philosophy of history, but rather an inversion of the manner in which history and freedom are related: for Hegel history realizes or actualizes the “idea” of freedom, whereas for Foucault freedom realizes or actualizes the “materiality” of history.

  • Auteur:
    Quinnett, Paul, McManus, Patrick E.
    Sommaire:

    Despite its title, Fishing Lessons will not show readers how to fish. In fact, you don't even have to like to fish to enjoy and appreciate the latest book from respected psychologist, fisherman and essayist Paul Quinnett. Fishing Lessons is a rich mix of anecdotes, observations, essays, short stories, one-liners and personal revelations from Quinnett's rich life and fishing journals. In his honest, straightforward style, the renowned psychologist/fisherman rounds out the trilogy that began with Pavlov's Trout and Darwin's Bass, the first books ever written on the psychology of fishing. This time he tackles the philosophy of fishing — a philosophy of enjoying life. Over the course of its pages, Fishing Lessons provides satisfying essays that won't so much teach you about fishing as they will teach you about yourself.

  • Auteur:
    Kreeft, Peter
    Sommaire:

    Boston College professor Peter Kreeft's lectures examine the eternal question of faith and present the most compelling arguments for and against God's existence, the seeming conflicts between religion and science, and the different truth-claims of the world's most popular religions.

  • Auteur:
    Kingwell, Mark
    Sommaire:

    Taking seriously the idea that baseball is a study in failure'a very successful batter manages a base hit in just three of every ten attempts'Mark Kingwell argues that there is no better tutor of human failure's enduring significance than this strange, crooked game of base, where geometry becomes poetry. Weaving elements of memoir, philosophical reflection, sports writing, and humour,'Fail Better'is an intellectual love letter to baseball by one of North America's most engaging philosophers. Kingwell illustrates complex concepts like theoretically infinite game-space, 'time out of time,' and the rules of civility with accessible examples drawn from the game, its history, and his own halting efforts to hit 'em where they ain't. Beyond a 'Beckett meets baseball' study in failure, Kingwell crafts a thoughtful appreciation of why sports matter, and how they change our vision of the world. Never pretentious, always entertaining,'Fail Better'is set to be the homerun non-fiction title of the season.

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