Main content

Philosophy

  • Auteur:
    Jarosinski, Eric
    Sommaire:

    Nein. A Manifesto is the brainchild of Eric Jarosinski, the self-described “failed intellectual” behind @NeinQuarterly, a “Compendium of Utopian Negation” that uses the aphoristic potential of Twitter to plumb the existential abyss of modern life — and finds it bottomless.Nein is not no. Nein is not yes. Nein is nein.Nein believes in nothing. Militantly.Nein does not take questions.Nein regrets to inform you.Nein is not style. Nein is not syntax.Nein does not thank you for shopping.Nein is not the medium. Nein is not the message.Nein says no. To a yes. That is a no.Nein closes its eyes to your surveillance state. Your dating profile. Your dreams. And hears the sea.Stridently hopeless and charmingly dour, Nein. A Manifesto is an irreverent philosophical investigation into the everyday that sounds the call to rediscover its strangeness. Inspired by the aphorisms of Nietzsche, Karl Kraus, Walter Benjamin, and Theodor W. Adorno, Jarosinski’s epigrammatic style reinvents short-form philosophy for a world doomed to distraction.As tenets of a rather unorthodox manifesto, Jarosinski’s four-line compositions seek to illuminate our most urgent questions. And the least. The result is a compelling and thought-provoking translation of digital into print. Theory into praxis. And tragedy into farce.

  • Auteur:
    Gordon-Reed, Annette
    Sommaire:

    Lauded as the most articulate voice of American freedom, even as he held people in bondage, Jefferson is variably described by current-day observers as a hypocrite, an atheist, and a simple-minded proponent of limited government. Now, Pulitzer Prize-winning historian Annette Gordon-Reed teams up with the country's leading Jefferson scholar, Peter S. Onuf, to present an absorbing and revealing character study that finally clarifies the philosophy of Thomas Jefferson. Tracing Jefferson's development and maturation from his youth to his old age, the authors explore what they call the "empire" of Jefferson's imagination-his expansive state of mind born of the intellectual influences and life experiences that led him into public life as a modern avatar of the enlightenment, who often likened himself to an ancient figure-"the most blessed of the patriarchs."

  • Auteur:
    Lucht, Bernie, Ward, Barbara, Underhill, Frank H., Levi-Strauss, Claude, Brandt, Willy, Grant, George
    Sommaire:

    The CBC Massey Lectures, Canada's preeminent public lecture series, are for many of us a highly anticipated annual feast of ideas. However, some of the finest lectures, by some of the greatest minds of modern times, have been lost for many years -- unavailable to the public in any form. This is the second volume of recovered lectures, a follow-on to The Lost Massey Lectures, and features: Nobel Peace Prize recipient Willy Brandt on the dangerous inequities between developing and industrialized nations in Dangers and Options: The Matter of World Survival; George Grant on the worsening predicament of the West through an examination of the thought of Friedrich Nietzsche in Time as History; Claude Levi-Strauss on the nature and role of myth in human history in Myth and Meaning; Frank Underhill on the deficiencies of the Canadian constitution in The Image of Confederation; and Barbara Ward, in the very first Massey Lecture, on the origin and predicament of underdeveloped countries in The Rich Nations and the Poor Nations. More Lost Massey Lectures includes an introduction by Bernie Lucht, who has been the executive producer of CBC Radio's Ideas and the Massey Lectures since 1984.

  • Auteur:
    Herzog, Bernard
    Sommaire:

    La vie se poursuit-elle après la mort ? Sous quelle forme et dans quel but ? Telles sont les interrogations d’un professeur d’université de médecine d’aujourd’hui. Le grand apport de ce livre réside dans la qualité de l’échange entre le disparu - grand prix de la recherche scientifique – qui, de la Maison des morts, livre à son fils rationaliste des réponses d’une haute teneur philosophique et scientifique.

  • Auteur:
    Descartes, Rene
    Sommaire:

    A landmark in the history of thought, Rene Descartes' Meditations helped bring critical thinking and skepticism to the Western world. Modern philosophers are still captivated by Descartes' radical and controversial departure from his previous beliefs, which has both inspired reverence and provoked anger.

  • Auteur:
    Deneault, Alain, Browne, Catherine
    Sommaire:

    There was no Reichstag fire. No storming of the Bastille. No mutiny on the Aurora. Instead, the mediocre have seized power without firing a single shot. They rose to power on the tide of an economy where workers produce assembly-line meals without knowing how to cook at home, give customers instructions over the phone that they themselves don't understand, or sell books and newspapers that they never read. Canadian intellectual juggernaut Alain Deneault has taken on all kinds of evildoers: mining companies, tax-dodgers, and corporate criminals. Now he takes on the most menacing threat of all: the mediocre.

  • Auteur:
    Kingwell, Mark
    Sommaire:

    Mark Kingwell is as at home discussing'Battlestar Galactica'as he is civility, can find the Plato in popular culture, and sees in idleness a deeply revolutionary gesture. In'Measure Yourself Against the Earth, he brings his heady mixture of critical intelligence and infectious enthusiasm to bear on film, aesthetics, politics, leisure, literature and much more, showing us how each can help us to imagine and achieve the society we want. The concept of 'the gift' unites many of these essays: it is in this idea, Kingwell argues persuasively, in which we may be able to refashion the real world of democracy. 'An activist, fugitive democracy. A living democracy that is no opaque demand but a real thing'a society. Democracy: the gift we keep on giving each other.' Smart, engaged, and wide ranging, Mark Kingwell's'Measure Yourself Against the Earth'confirms its author as among our leading cultural theorists and philosophers.

  • Auteur:
    Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von.
    Sommaire:

    Thoughts and ideas from the versatile and brilliant German writer and statesman. The German author of Faust takes a detour from his usual literary endeavors and offers snippets of his musings on life, literature, science, nature, politics, and the human condition. Essential for fans of Goethe's works, it provides a unique insight into the mind of the last true Renaissance man. This ebook has been professionally proofread to ensure accuracy and readability on all devices.

  • Auteur:
    Carver, Terrell
    Sommaire:

    Karl Marx was the first theorist of global capitalism and remains perhaps its most trenchant critic. This clear and innovative book, from one of the leading contemporary experts on Marx's thought, gives us a fresh overview of his ideas by framing them within concepts that remain topical and alive today, from class struggle and progress to democracy and exploitation. Taking Marx's work in his pamphleteering, journalism, speeches, correspondence and published books as central to a renewed understanding of the man and his politics, this book brings both his life experience and our contemporary political engagements vividly to life. It shows us the many ways that a nineteenth-century thinker has been made into the 'Marx' we know today, beginning with his own self-presentations before moving on to the successive different "Marxes" that were later constructed: an icon of communist revolution, a demonic figure in the Cold War, a 'humanist' philosopher, and a spectre haunting Occupy Wall Street. Carver's accessible and lively book unpacks the historical, intellectual and political difficulties that make Marx sometimes difficult to read and understand, while also highlighting the distinct areas where his challenging writings speak directly to the twenty-first-century world. It will be essential reading for students and scholars throughout the social sciences and anyone interested in the contemporary legacy of his revolutionary ideas.

  • Auteur:
    Vanier, Jean
    Sommaire:

    National Bestseller In Made for Happiness, Jean Vanier examines the basis for modern moral philosophy and its role in our lives today. Having discovered through his work with the intellectually disabled the degree to which our society is divided, and our values misplaced, Vanier invites us to read with fresh eyes theories of happiness written 2,400 years ago. The book follows the links between psychology, spirituality, and morality: psychology helps us face our fears and limitations; spirituality gives us strength; and morality helps us to choose the best actions, those that will make us happier, and thus more human. The combination of these paths to knowledge and wisdom gives meaning to our lives and allows us to make the best use of our freedom on our way to happiness. Lucidly written, Made for Happiness links classical thought to contemporary challenges, and nourishes the heart and mind. This new edition includes an introduction by Ian Brown.

  • Auteur:
    Merz, Kenneth M.
    Sommaire:

    Presenting his view of life as optimism triumphant, Dr. Ken Merz, Sr., reflects on the limits of life, the limits of the physical universe and the role of humans in that universe. He explains various laws of science in a clear and accessible style while reviewing aspects of physical reality, aspects of biological reality and definitions of scientific reality. Discussing mankind's ongoing search for truth, he examines the distinction between believing and knowing. The book's themes include time and change, with a consideration of the work of Darwin, Mendel, and Watson and Crick. Explaining the basics of the double helix of DNA and the micro evolution of life, Dr. Merz ponders individualism and evolution, and makes a plea for humans to wield their power over life responsibly. Recent events forcefully show that humans live on a limited planet and themselves have limited abilities. Limits face us from every direction. The Earth has a limited surface with limited arable and to farm, oxygen to breathe, water to drink, atoms to use and oil to burn. We are pressing against Earth's resources with unachievable demands. Humans have limits in their sensory ability, memory, perception of truth and endurance in the face of unending change. Science is limited to 92 elements and phenomena that are observable. Economics is limited to raising prices or seeking alternates. In a universe of unending change, existence itself is limited. Malthus, Toynbee, Tainter, Meadows, Diamond and many others have warned us of looming limits that would someday engulf our civilization. Nevertheless, we have continued to exploit resources wastefully, pollute the environment and cause extinctions. Man has searched for millennia but only since the time of Copernicus (1473–1543), Galileo (1564–1642), and Newton (1642–1727) has a reasonably useful procedure been found for finding truth: the scientific method of investigation. That method is the present source of humanity's ascendancy over the Earth and its creatures. The book explains the scientific method in terms of logic as well as the day to day activities of scientists. The method is the basis of higher living standards, improved health and longevity, and population growth. These are now diffusing into the countries of the third world, increasing the pressure on natural resources. We have learned from science that living creatures, including humans, were created by and are controlled by DNA — the double helix of deoxyribonucleic acid — which has been evolving for at least 3.5 billion years. DNA controls behavior as well as our physical bodies. If, as the only conscious and rational creature, we are to accept and fulfill the role as Natural Selector of life on Earth, we must somehow achieve a collective ethical nature commensurate with the task. We cannot wait hundreds of centuries for DNA to do it; there is no time. We must solve the problems of Earth and human survival with what we now have. Our only trustworthy hope is to follow the methods of science, listening carefully along the way. The Earth is now our home and responsibility; we must finally heed Buddha's injunction of 2500 years ago: The self is master of the self: for who else could be the master?

  • Auteur:
    Hage, Stephen J.
    Sommaire:

    To more clearly understand how the universe works, author Stephen Hage offers this template that outlines why, even though matter appears to truly exist, its existence cannot be scientifically proven. He explores enigmas in physics which still exist and cannot be satisfactorily explained. He explains why the Dimensional Structure of Consciousness is a new paradigm upon which a new myth can be constructed to help better understand how the universe works as Copernicus did when he shattered the myth that the Sun orbits the Earth rather than the other way around. The style is conversational and friendly and uses current vernacular to keep it that way. The approach is to invite the reader to consider the arguments made and avoid a posture which implies the author is right and Descartes was wrong. The book is intended to be valuable for intelligent lay readers interested in the subjects of consciousness, physics, quantum mechanics, philosophy, metaphysics, myth and meditation; and the deep and meaningful connections between those areas of inquiry. In a sense, the book is an interpretation and appreciation of three books by Samuel Avery: The Dimensional Structure of Consciousness, Transcendence of the Western Mind and Buddha and the Quantum.

  • Auteur:
    Mattéi, Jean-François
    Sommaire:

    L’Europe se trouve aujourd’hui en position d’accusée, souvent par les Européens eux-mêmes, du fait de sa prétention à l’universalité, de sa supériorité proclamée et de son arrogance intellectuelle. Qu’elle n’ait pas toujours été fidèle à ses principes, lors de la colonisation des autres peuples, ne met pourtant pas en cause sa légitimité. La critique de l’Europe n’est en effet possible qu’à l’aide des normes juridiques et des principes éthiques qu’elle a diffusés auprès de tous les peuples pour connaître le monde plutôt que pour le juger. Levinas n’avait donc pas tort de louer «la générosité même de la pensée occidentale qui, apercevant l’homme abstrait dans les hommes, a proclamé la valeur absolue de la personne et a englobé dans le respect qu’elle lui porte jusqu’aux cultures où ces personnes se tiennent et où elles s’expriment.» Il faut en prendre son parti : il n’y a pas plus d’égalité des cultures que de relativisme des valeurs. On ne saurait faire le procès de l’universel sans faire appel à la culture qui a donné cet universel en partage aux autres cultures.

  • Auteur:
    La Chance, Michaël
    Sommaire:

    Avant de rédiger son Discours de la méthode, véritable coup d’État dans la pensée philosophique du XVIIe siècle, le jeune Descartes avait fait trois songes dans une nuit de novembre 1619. Le cerveau en feu de M. De∫cartes revisite ces rêves, où le jeune philosophe entrevoit le fondement matriciel qui relie tous les êtres, et propose un quatrième songe dont il ne serait pas revenu. Nous avons voulu comprendre comment, à l’issue de cette nuit, Descartes entreprend de fonder le cogito contre tous les vertiges entrevus. Un délire philosophique a décidé du destin de l’Occident, a provoqué un durcissement de la raison. Aujourd’hui, alors que la raison de la technologie et de la finance est remise en cause, que nous remettons en doute la Raison des raisons, il importe de revisiter cette vision fondamentale et d’établir un dialogue avec l’écologie intuitive des cultures autochtones : c’est le cinquième songe.

  • Auteur:
    Blondin, Denis
    Sommaire:

    Plutôt que le regard fragmenté des spécialistes, c’est un regard global que Denis Blondin pose sur l’argent, sur sa magie, aussi bien que sur sa sorcellerie. La Mort de l’argent ne propose pas une avalanche de chiffres ou de faits, mais une collection d’idées et de points de vue sur la société, sur l’être humain, sur la forme sociale dans laquelle se sont incarnés l’Occident et l’univers mondialisé qui s’est trouvé placé sous sa gouverne. Une fois désacralisé, l’argent retrouve sa vraie place dans notre histoire, soit celle d’une invention humaine comme n’importe quelle autre, succédant au règne de la parenté et à celui de la religion. Une invention qui a connu un incroyable succès, mais qui arrive peut-être à son terme, parce qu’elle crée plus de nouveaux problèmes qu’elle n’en résout.

  • Auteur:
    Calvé, Nicolas, Taylor, Charles
    Sommaire:

    Avec cette somme sur la nature du langage, Charles Taylor offre à ses lecteurs le livre qui était présent en arrière-plan de ses travaux précédents, notamment «Les Sources du moi» et «L'Âge séculier». En s'appuyant sur quatre décennies de réflexions et de recherches, il démontre comment, grâce au langage, l'être humain se découvre et se révèle au monde et aux autres. Au cours de sa longue histoire, la philosophie occidentale s'est divisée en deux camps à propos de la nature du langage. Pour les rationalistes et les empiristes - Hobbes, Locke et Condillac -, le langage est un mode de traitement de l'information qui permet aux humains de s'orienter dans le monde. Ces théories permettent certes d'expliquer comment nous arrivons à emmagasiner un nombre impressionnant de connaissances, mais leur intellectualisme repousse à la marge le potentiel d'inventivité du langage. À l'inverse, les théories «constitutives» du langage insistent sur les représentations artistiques, les gestes, les intonations de la voix, les métaphores, bref, toutes les manifestations de l'être humain qui débordent le cadre restreint du traitement de l'information. Aussi le langage est-il constitutif du fait qu'il s'acquiert et se développe en commun. Inspiré par les romantiques, à commencer par Herder, Charles Taylor voit dans le langage une conscience collective du monde possédant une rationalité et un mode d'être qui lui sont propres. En cela, il se montre fidèle à l'ensemble de son oeuvre philosophique qui, quel que soit le sujet abordé, situe l'être humain dans un contexte historique et culturel d'où émerge la question du sens.

  • Auteur:
    Luchte, James
    Sommaire:

    Continuum's Reader's Guides are clear, concise and accessible introductions to classic works of philosophy. Each book explores the major themes, historical and philosophical context and key passages of a major philosophical text, guiding the reader toward a thorough understanding of often demanding material. Ideal for undergraduate students, the guides provide an essential resource for anyone who needs to get to grips with a philosophical text.Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is arguably the most important work of philosophy of the last two centuries. It is a classic text that is encountered by virtually every student of philosophy. As such, this is a hugely important and exciting, yet notoriously challenging, piece of philosophical writing. In Kant's 'Critique of Pure Reason': A Reader's Guide, James Luchte offers a clear and thorough account of this key philosophical work. The book offers a detailed review of the key themes and a lucid commentary that will enable readers to rapidly navigate the text. Geared towards the specific requirements of students who need to reach a sound understanding of the text as a whole, the guide explores the complex and important ideas inherent in the text and provides a cogent survey of the reception and influence of Kant's hugely important work.

  • Auteur:
    Herriot, Trevor
    Sommaire:

    The Genesis story of Jacob, the patriarch of the Judeo-Christian tradition, wrestling with a spirit has been interpreted in a multitude of ways, but never more persuasively than by Trevor Herriot in Jacob’s Wound. He sees it as a struggle between Jacob and his wilder twin brother, Esau, whose birthright Jacob has swindled. The central idea of Herriot’s brilliantly written, observant, and groundbreaking book is the wound that Jacob, the farmer, the civilized man, suffered in vanquishing Esau, the hunter, the primitive man. And the central question posed is whether we, as Jacob did with Esau, can eventually reconcile with the wildness we conquered and have been estranged from for so long.

    As if ambling through the author’s beloved Qu’Appelle Valley in Saskatchewan, Jacob’s Wound takes readers on an untrodden path through history, memoir, science, and theology. Along the way, Herriot tells us stories of the past and present that illuminate what we once were and what we have become. It’s a measured journey motivated by curiosity rather than by destination, and at every turn there is insight and beautiful writing.

  • Auteur:
    Hamilton, Sue
    Sommaire:

    India has a long, rich, and diverse tradition of philosophical thought, spanning some two and a half millennia and encompassing several major religious traditions.

    This Very Short Introduction emphasizes the diversity of Indian thought, and is structured around six schools which have achieved classic status. Sue Hamilton explores how the traditions have attempted to understand the nature of reality in terms of an inner or spiritual quest, and introduces distinctively Indian concepts such as karma and rebirth. She also shows how Indian thinkers have understood issues of reality and knowledge — issues which are also an important part of the Western
    philosophical tradition.

  • Auteur:
    Csepregi, Gabor
    Sommaire:

    The course of human life, punctuated by unexpected and transformative moments, is never uniform. What are the characteristics of such life-defining moments, what responses do they evoke, and how do they transform the lives of those who experience them? In Vivo explores foundational questions and pivotal moments of the human experience - engagement with a foreign culture, the decision to break free from unfortunate experiences, a generous action undertaken in the context of an otherwise regular day - in terms of their life-altering potential. Through illustrative examples, both real and fictional, Csepregi reveals the primacy of personal feelings in shaping human life and demonstrates the formative power of spontaneity outside the traditional context of formal education. These moments, and particularly the way they disrupt ordinary temporal order, Csepregi argues, are the lived experiences of our vitality. In an age marked by increasing anxiety about the homogenizing tendencies of contemporary life, In Vivo is timely and revelatory. Informed by a range of philosophical thinking and examples from art, music, and literature, it illustrates opportunities for meaningful reflection that are available to everyone, and urges the reader to engage with them.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Philosophy