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Philosophy

  • Auteur:
    Panza, Christopher, Gale, Gregory
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    Have you ever wondered what the phrase “God is dead” means? You’ll find out in Existentialism For Dummies, a handy guide to Nietzsche, Sartre and Kierkegaard’s favorite philosophy. See how existentialist ideas have influenced everything from film and literature to world events and discover whether or not existentialism is still relevant today. You’ll find an introduction to existentialism and understand how it fits into the history of philosophy. This insightful guide will expose you to existentialism’s ideas about the absurdity of life and the ways that existentialism guides politics, solidarity and respect for others. There’s even a section on religious existentialism. You’ll be able to review key existential themes and writings. Find out how to: * Trace the influence of existentialism * Distinguish each philosopher’s specific ideas * Explain what it means to say that “God is dead” * See culture through an existentialist lens * Understand the existentialist notion of time, finitude and death * Navigate the absurdity of life * Master the art of individuality Complete with lists of the ten greatest existential films, ten great existential aphorisms, and ten common misconceptions about existentialism, Existentialism For Dummies is your one-stop guide to a very influential school of thought.

  • Auteur:
    Klein, Daniel
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    As a young college student studying philosophy, Klein filled a notebook with short quotes from the world's greatest thinkers, hoping to find some guidance on how to live the best life he could. Now, from the vantage point of his eighth decade, Klein revisits the wisdom he relished in his youth with this collection of philosophical gems, adding new ones that strike a chord with him at the end of his life.

  • Auteur:
    Panza, Christopher, Potthast, Adam
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    An easy-to-grasp guide to addressing the principles of ethics and applying them to daily life  How do you define "good" versus "evil?" Do you know the difference between moral "truth" and moral relativity? Whether or not you know Aristotle from Hume, Ethics For Dummies will get you comfortable with the centuries-old study of ethical philosophy quickly and effectively! Ethics For Dummies is a practical, friendly guide that takes the headache out of the often-confusing subject of ethics. In plain English, it examines the controversial facets of ethical thought, explores the problem of evil, demystifies the writings and theories of such great thinkers through the ages as Aristotle, Confucius, Descartes, Kant, Nietzsche and so much more. * Provides the tools to tackle and understand today's important questions and ethical dilemmas * Shows you how to apply the concepts and theories of ethical philosophy to your everyday life * Other title by Panza: Existentialism For Dummies Whether you're currently enrolled in an ethics course or are interested in living a good life but are vexed with ethical complexities, Ethics For Dummies has you covered!

  • Auteur:
    Elliott, Deni
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    "Elliott and Spence have produced a tight, teachable, and timely primer on media ethics for users and creators of information in the digital age. Pitched at just the right depth of detail to provide a big picture contextualization of changing media practices grounded in concerns for democracy and the public good, the book explores and reflects the implications of the convergence of the Fourth and Fifth Estates with an open-access, hyper-linked architecture which invites self-reflective practice on the part of its users" Philip Gordon, Utah Valley University The rapid and ongoing evolution of digital technologies has transformed the waythe world communicates and digests information. Fueled by a 24-hour news cycleand post-truth politics, media consumption and the technologies that drive ithave become more influential in shaping public opinion, and it has become more imperative than ever to examine their social and ethical consequences. Ethics for a Digital Era provides a penetrating analysis of the ethical issues that have emerged as the digital revolution progresses, including journalistic practices that impact on the truth, reliability, and trustworthiness of communicating information. The volume explores new methods and models for ethical inquiry in a digital world, and maps out guidelines for web-based news producers and users to conceptualize ethical issuesand analyze ethically questionable acts. In each of three thematic sections, Deni Elliott and Edward H. Spence reflect upon shifts in media ethics as contemporary mass communication combines traditional analog practices with new forms like blogs, vlogs, podcasts, and social media posts, and evolves into an interactive medium with users who both produce and consume the news. Later chapters apply a process of normative decision-making to some of the most important issues which arise in these interactions, and encourage users to bridge their own thinking between the virtual and physical worlds of information and its communication. Timely and thought-provoking, Ethics for a Digital Era is an invaluable resource for undergraduate and graduate students in media and mass communication, applied ethics, and journalism, as well as general readers interested in the ethical impact of their media consumption.

  • Auteur:
    Williams, Bernard
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    Bernard Williams was one of the most important philosophers of the past fifty years, but he was also a distinguished critic and essayist with an elegant style and a rare ability to communicate complex ideas to a wide public. This is the first collection of Williams's popular essays and reviews. Williams writes about a broad range of subjects, from philosophy to science, the humanities, economics, feminism, and pornography. Included are reviews of major books such as John Rawls's Theory of Justice, Richard Rorty's Consequences of Pragmatism, and Martha Nussbaum's Therapy of Desire. But many of these essays extend beyond philosophy, providing an intellectual tour through the past half century, from C. S. Lewis to Noam Chomsky. No matter the subject, readers see a first-class mind grappling with landmark books in "real time," before critical consensus had formed and ossified.

  • Auteur:
    Smith, Alan Forrest
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    Escape from Zoomanity is about one man’s awakening to the reality of the repeatist conditioning that takes place to all human beings. This transformed humanity into the state known as Zoomanity. Escape from Zoomanity is about a moment when man realizes life isn’t what we had expected and offers observations why. The only way to escape is looking back on life and the messages that have been passed on from the natural laws of creation itself. Once these laws of change are discovered there is no turning back, this leads to the Zooman returning to his humanity and his eventual escape from their own Zoomanity.

  • Auteur:
    Grant, George, Lathangue, Robin
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    George Grant's magnificent four-part meditation sums up much that is central to his own thought, including a critique of modern liberalism, an analysis of John Rawls's Theory of Justice, and insights into the larger Western philosophical tradition. This edition contains an introduction by Grant scholar Dr Robin Lathangue.

  • Auteur:
    Dyens, Ollivier
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    Nous ne sommes pas humains, nous ne sommes pas autonomes, nous n’avons aucune volonté propre. Nous émergeons, vivons, perdurons grâce à des collectivités de bactéries, d’insectes, de machines. Tels des insectes sociaux, nous créons des « nids », des « toiles », des « fourmilières » que nous appelons villes, machines, civilisations, non pas simplement parce que nous en ressentons génétiquement le besoin, mais bien parce que ces structures nous ordonnent de le faire. Nous ne sommes que mécanismes à la solde de l’évolution. Enfanter l’inhumain amène donc à repenser la structure de l’humain en proposant un modèle nouveau, celui de la stigmergie, cette dernière étant la dépendance étonnante qui lie toile et araignée. Telles l’araignée et sa toile, l’humain et ses bactéries, ses villes et ses technologies s’influencent et se créent mutuellement. Dans ce nouveau cadre de compréhension, être humain signifie être créé mécaniquement intelligent, mécaniquement conscient, mécaniquement fureteur de sens ; notre condition se fonde alors sur un paradoxe essentiel : nous sommes conscients d’être inconscients. Comment alors nous enfanter ? Ollivier Dyens invite le lecteur à reformuler de façon fondamentale sa conception de l’humain et de l’humanisme et à poser son regard sur les structures étonnantes, mi-biologiques, mi-artificielles, qui fondent le matériau du vivant.

  • Auteur:
    Levy, Naomi
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    This program is read by the author. A bestselling author and rabbi's profoundly affecting exploration of the meaning and purpose of the soul, inspired by the famous correspondence between Albert Einstein and a grieving rabbi. "A human being is part of the whole, called by us 'Universe,' a part limited in time and space. He experiences himself, his thoughts, and feelings as something separate from the rest-a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness..."-Albert Einstein. When Rabbi Naomi Levy came across this poignant letter by Einstein it shook her to her core. His words perfectly captured what she has come to believe about the human condition: That we are intimately connected, and that we are blind to this truth. Levy wondered what had elicited such spiritual wisdom from a man of science' Thus began a three-year search into the mystery of Einstein's letter, and into the mystery of the human soul. What emerges is an inspiring, deeply affecting audiobook for people of all faiths filled with universal truths that will help us reclaim our own souls and glimpse the unity that has been evading us. We all long to see more expansively, to live up to our gifts, to understand why we are here. In Eintstein and the Rabbi, Levy leads us on a breathtaking journey full of wisdom, empathy and humor, challenging us to wake up and heed the voice calling from within-a voice beckoning us to become who we were born be.

  • Auteur:
    Hecht, Jennifer Michael
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    Hecht claims doubt and questioning are one of the great and noble, if unheralded, intellectual traditions. From Confucius to Stephen Hawking, this is a history of humanity's greatest doubters who drove history forward.

  • Auteur:
    Pinker, Steven, Ridley, Matt, &#100&#101 Botton, Alain, Gladwell, Malcolm
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    Progress. It is one of the animating concepts of the modern era. From the Enlightenment onwards, the West has had an enduring belief that through the evolution of institutions, innovations, and ideas, the human condition is improving. This process is supposedly accelerating as new technologies, individual freedoms, and the spread of global norms empower individuals and societies around the world. But is progress inevitable? Its critics argue that human civilization has become different, not better, over the last two and a half centuries. What is seen as a breakthrough or innovation in one period becomes a setback or limitation in another. In short, progress is an ideology not a fact; a way of thinking about the world as opposed to a description of reality.In the seventeenth semi-annual Munk Debates, which was held in Toronto on November 6, 2015, pioneering cognitive scientist Steven Pinker and bestselling author Matt Ridley squared off against noted philosopher Alain de Botton and bestselling author Malcolm Gladwell to debate whether humankind’s best days lie ahead.

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    In Discworld, unlike our own frustrating Roundworld, everything makes sense. The world is held up by elephants standing on the back of a swimming turtle who knows where he's going, the sun goes round the world every day, so it doesn't have to be very hot, and things always happen because someone intends them to happen. Millions of fans are addicted to Pratchett's Discworld, and the interest has only intensified since Pratchett's recent death and the release of his final Discworld novel, The Shepherd's Crown, in September 2015. The philosophical riches of Discworld are inexhaustible, yet the brave explorers of Discworld and Philosophy cover a lot of ground. From discussion of Moist von Lipwig's con artistry showing the essential con of the financial system, to the examination of everyone's favorite Discworld character, the murderous luggage, to the lawless Mac Nac Feegles and what they tell us about civil government, to the character Death as he appears in several Discworld novels, Discworld and Philosophy gives us an in-depth treatment of Pratchett's magical universe. Other chapters look at the power of Discworld's witches, the moral viewpoint of the golems, how William de Worde's newspaper illuminates the issue of censorship, how fate and luck interact to shape our lives, and why the more simple and straightforward Discworld characters are so much better at seeing the truth than those with enormous intellects but little common sense.

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    Among the topics explored in David Bowie and Philosophy are the nature of Bowie as an institution; Bowie's work in many platforms, including movies and TV; Bowie's spanning of low and high art, and his relation to Warhol; the influence of Buddhism and Kabuki theater; the recurring theme of Bowie as a space alien, including "Space Oddity" and The Man Who Fell to Earth; the dystopian element in Bowie's thinking, displayed in "1984" and the album Outside; the role of fashion in Bowie's creativity; personal identity as preserved over various divergent personae; the aesthetics of theatrical rock and glam rock; Bowie's public identification with bisexuality and his influence within the LGBTQ community. Pervasive themes in Bowie's output include change, time, apocalypse, dancing, mind-body dualism, and spirituality. In the dualistic universe that undergirds his lyrics, body consistently wins over mind, but body is nevertheless on the hook of moral responsibility. There is thus an inherent tension: the overwhelming desires of bodily drives versus the repressive institutions such as church and the omnipresent "They" who would have us do otherwise than our body want. The emergent paradox in Bowie is that for all his alleged sexual indulgences, in the end mind trumps body.

  • Auteur:
    Quinnett, Paul
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    In this follow-up to his widely acclaimed Pavlov's Trout, internationally recognized psychologist and 50-year fisherman Paul Quinnett, Ph.D., explores the evolutionary foundations of fishing and why so many people have such a strong bond to the sport. Referencing Charles Darwin's Origin of the Species, Quinnett examines how people have evolved, and in some ways "de-evolved," from our fishing and evolutionary partner the black bass. Throughout Darwin's Bass, Quinnett uses a variety of fishing situations to examine man's place in the evolutionary universe. The book is also a field guide to a better life, as Quinnett offers clinical advice on how to live longer, happier and healthier by fishing often and hard.

  • Auteur:
    Robichaud, Valois
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    « Pour l’auteur, le bonheur n’est jamais immédiatement donné, mais doit toujours être conquis : « il faut vouloir être heureux, et y mettre du sien ». Mais cela ne signifie pas se lancer dans une recherche spécifique et éperdue du bonheur, car « dès qu’un homme cherche le bonheur, il est condamné à ne pas le trouver ». En revanche, « le bonheur est une récompense qui vient à ceux qui ne l’ont pas cherchée». Double paradoxe : alors que le bonheur est comme une dimension naturelle de la vie, il n’est jamais donné. Il doit donc être conquis, mais il est vain de vouloir le conquérir directement. Valois Robichaud nous dit, comme en passant, et sans s’appesantir, sans aucune grandiloquence, ce que signifie vivre pour un homme qui veut être heureux. Il a défini très clairement la méthode qu’il suit : emprunter à la science, à la philosophie, et à la psychologie, des éléments de nature à nourrir sa réflexion sur le bonheur. Mais il nous semble que son texte est d’abord, et essentiellement, nourri par sa propre expérience, et par les rencontres avec les autres, dont il sait si bien montrer ce que chacune lui a apporté pour une meilleure connaissance du sens de la vie. »

  • Auteur:
    Pappas, Nicholas J.
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    In a style emulating that of the Platonic dialogue, the author approaches serious moral questions in a conversational manner that will appeal to both the general and the specialized reader. The first dialogue, Controvert, or On the Lie, examines the nature of lies and telling the truth and tests our assumptions regarding whether or when it might be appropriate to lie. Is it right to lie just for fun? Is a lie justified when speaking to a tyrant? Contempt ponders many distinctions we assume exist but which we may not have considered very carefully, including those between what is good and what is contemptible, and shades of nuance between pity, love, and respect, and hate and fear. Can contempt be the key element of a fighting creed? Or is contempt itself contemptible? In Ambition, the characters debate the nature of this very human characteristic, its value as a passionate love of life that enables us to reach for the stars and its darker side as a destructive, self-centered drive to win adulation and assert our own good over that of others. Is ambition more than the love of praise? Must ambition be harnessed (and to what end?) or is it more powerful when left unchecked and allowed to flower into great accomplishments?   The world of human aspirations and the means by which we pursue them are explored further in the dialogues Architect, Brilliance and Anarchy. Using these specific threads the author weaves together a consideration of larger questions as well, including the inevitable competition between individual and society, and how to approach life for the maximum value.

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    Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science contains sixteen original essays by leading authors in the philosophy ofscience, each one defending the affirmative or negative answer toone of eight specific questions, including: Are there laws ofsocial science? Are causes physically connected to their effects?Is the mind a system of modules shaped by natural selection?

  • Auteur:
    Mill, John Stuart
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    Considerations on Representative Government is a book by John Stuart Mill published in 1861. As the title suggests, it is an argument for representative government, the ideal form of government in Mill's opinion.

  • Auteur:
    Gracian, Baltasar
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    Wisdom for today's world from three great thinkers of the Renaissance era. This collection of three philosophical works by Renaissance men offers timeless advice on how to prosper and live morally in business, romance, religion, and society. Although written in the Renaissance era, these guides still resonate today and are collected here for easy reference. In The Art of Worldly Wisdom, Baltasar GraciAn advises people of all walks of life how to approach political, professional, and personal situations in a dog-eat-dog world. Comprised of three hundred pithy aphorisms, this influential work of philosophy offers thought-provoking and accessible advice. Some subjects include "Never Compete," "The Art of Letting Things Alone," and "Anticipate Injuries and Turn Them into Favours." Reflections; or Sentences and Moral Maxims by Francois de La Rochefoucauld offers hundreds of brief, brutally honest observations of humankind and its self-serving nature. The perfect read for any realist-or anyone with the desire to evaluate their moral standing-this edition includes three supplements with additional maxims and essays. In Maxims and Reflections, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe takes a detour from his usual literary endeavors and offers snippets of his musings on life, literature, science, nature, politics, and the human condition. Essential for fans of Goethe's works, it provides unique insight into the mind of the last true Renaissance man. This ebook has been professionally proofread to ensure accuracy and readability on all devices.

  • Auteur:
    Sarma, Deepak
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    Deepak Sarma completes the first outline in more than fifty years of India's key philosophical traditions, inventively sourcing seminal texts and clarifying language, positions, and issues. Organized by tradition, the volume covers six schools of orthodox Hindu philosophy: Mimamsa (the study of the earlier Vedas, later incorporated into Vedanta), Vedanta (the study of the later Vedas, including the Bhagavad Gita and the Upanishads), Sankhya (a form of self-nature dualism), Yoga (a practical outgrowth of Sankhya), and Nyaya and Vaisesika (two forms of realism). It also discusses Jain philosophy and the Mahayana Buddhist schools of Madhyamaka and Yogacara. Sarma maps theories of knowledge, perception, ontology, religion, and salvation, and he details central concepts, such as the pramanas (means of knowledge), pratyaksa (perception), drayvas (types of being), moksa (liberation), and nirvana. Selections and accompanying materials inspire a reassessment of long-held presuppositions and modes of thought, and accessible translations prove the modern relevance of these enduring works.

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