Hecht claims doubt and questioning are one of the great and noble, if unheralded, intellectual traditions. From Confucius to Stephen Hawking, this is a history of humanity's greatest doubters who drove history forward.
- Doubt : a history : the great doubters and their legacy of innovation from Socrates and Jesus to Thomas Jefferson and Emily DickinsonAuteur:Hecht, Jennifer MichaelSommaire:
- Auteur:Pinker, Steven, Ridley, Matt, de Botton, Alain, Gladwell, MalcolmSommaire:
Progress. It is one of the animating concepts of the modern era. From the Enlightenment onwards, the West has had an enduring belief that through the evolution of institutions, innovations, and ideas, the human condition is improving. This process is supposedly accelerating as new technologies, individual freedoms, and the spread of global norms empower individuals and societies around the world. But is progress inevitable? Its critics argue that human civilization has become different, not better, over the last two and a half centuries. What is seen as a breakthrough or innovation in one period becomes a setback or limitation in another. In short, progress is an ideology not a fact; a way of thinking about the world as opposed to a description of reality.In the seventeenth semi-annual Munk Debates, which was held in Toronto on November 6, 2015, pioneering cognitive scientist Steven Pinker and bestselling author Matt Ridley squared off against noted philosopher Alain de Botton and bestselling author Malcolm Gladwell to debate whether humankind’s best days lie ahead.
In Discworld, unlike our own frustrating Roundworld, everything makes sense. The world is held up by elephants standing on the back of a swimming turtle who knows where he's going, the sun goes round the world every day, so it doesn't have to be very hot, and things always happen because someone intends them to happen. Millions of fans are addicted to Pratchett's Discworld, and the interest has only intensified since Pratchett's recent death and the release of his final Discworld novel, The Shepherd's Crown, in September 2015. The philosophical riches of Discworld are inexhaustible, yet the brave explorers of Discworld and Philosophy cover a lot of ground. From discussion of Moist von Lipwig's con artistry showing the essential con of the financial system, to the examination of everyone's favorite Discworld character, the murderous luggage, to the lawless Mac Nac Feegles and what they tell us about civil government, to the character Death as he appears in several Discworld novels, Discworld and Philosophy gives us an in-depth treatment of Pratchett's magical universe. Other chapters look at the power of Discworld's witches, the moral viewpoint of the golems, how William de Worde's newspaper illuminates the issue of censorship, how fate and luck interact to shape our lives, and why the more simple and straightforward Discworld characters are so much better at seeing the truth than those with enormous intellects but little common sense.
Among the topics explored in David Bowie and Philosophy are the nature of Bowie as an institution; Bowie's work in many platforms, including movies and TV; Bowie's spanning of low and high art, and his relation to Warhol; the influence of Buddhism and Kabuki theater; the recurring theme of Bowie as a space alien, including "Space Oddity" and The Man Who Fell to Earth; the dystopian element in Bowie's thinking, displayed in "1984" and the album Outside; the role of fashion in Bowie's creativity; personal identity as preserved over various divergent personae; the aesthetics of theatrical rock and glam rock; Bowie's public identification with bisexuality and his influence within the LGBTQ community. Pervasive themes in Bowie's output include change, time, apocalypse, dancing, mind-body dualism, and spirituality. In the dualistic universe that undergirds his lyrics, body consistently wins over mind, but body is nevertheless on the hook of moral responsibility. There is thus an inherent tension: the overwhelming desires of bodily drives versus the repressive institutions such as church and the omnipresent "They" who would have us do otherwise than our body want. The emergent paradox in Bowie is that for all his alleged sexual indulgences, in the end mind trumps body.
- Auteur:Quinnett, PaulSommaire:
In this follow-up to his widely acclaimed Pavlov's Trout, internationally recognized psychologist and 50-year fisherman Paul Quinnett, Ph.D., explores the evolutionary foundations of fishing and why so many people have such a strong bond to the sport. Referencing Charles Darwin's Origin of the Species, Quinnett examines how people have evolved, and in some ways "de-evolved," from our fishing and evolutionary partner the black bass. Throughout Darwin's Bass, Quinnett uses a variety of fishing situations to examine man's place in the evolutionary universe. The book is also a field guide to a better life, as Quinnett offers clinical advice on how to live longer, happier and healthier by fishing often and hard.
- Auteur:Robichaud, ValoisSommaire:
« Pour l’auteur, le bonheur n’est jamais immédiatement donné, mais doit toujours être conquis : « il faut vouloir être heureux, et y mettre du sien ». Mais cela ne signifie pas se lancer dans une recherche spécifique et éperdue du bonheur, car « dès qu’un homme cherche le bonheur, il est condamné à ne pas le trouver ». En revanche, « le bonheur est une récompense qui vient à ceux qui ne l’ont pas cherchée». Double paradoxe : alors que le bonheur est comme une dimension naturelle de la vie, il n’est jamais donné. Il doit donc être conquis, mais il est vain de vouloir le conquérir directement. Valois Robichaud nous dit, comme en passant, et sans s’appesantir, sans aucune grandiloquence, ce que signifie vivre pour un homme qui veut être heureux. Il a défini très clairement la méthode qu’il suit : emprunter à la science, à la philosophie, et à la psychologie, des éléments de nature à nourrir sa réflexion sur le bonheur. Mais il nous semble que son texte est d’abord, et essentiellement, nourri par sa propre expérience, et par les rencontres avec les autres, dont il sait si bien montrer ce que chacune lui a apporté pour une meilleure connaissance du sens de la vie. »
- Auteur:Pappas, Nicholas J.Sommaire:
In a style emulating that of the Platonic dialogue, the author approaches serious moral questions in a conversational manner that will appeal to both the general and the specialized reader. The first dialogue, Controvert, or On the Lie, examines the nature of lies and telling the truth and tests our assumptions regarding whether or when it might be appropriate to lie. Is it right to lie just for fun? Is a lie justified when speaking to a tyrant? Contempt ponders many distinctions we assume exist but which we may not have considered very carefully, including those between what is good and what is contemptible, and shades of nuance between pity, love, and respect, and hate and fear. Can contempt be the key element of a fighting creed? Or is contempt itself contemptible? In Ambition, the characters debate the nature of this very human characteristic, its value as a passionate love of life that enables us to reach for the stars and its darker side as a destructive, self-centered drive to win adulation and assert our own good over that of others. Is ambition more than the love of praise? Must ambition be harnessed (and to what end?) or is it more powerful when left unchecked and allowed to flower into great accomplishments? The world of human aspirations and the means by which we pursue them are explored further in the dialogues Architect, Brilliance and Anarchy. Using these specific threads the author weaves together a consideration of larger questions as well, including the inevitable competition between individual and society, and how to approach life for the maximum value.
Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science contains sixteen original essays by leading authors in the philosophy ofscience, each one defending the affirmative or negative answer toone of eight specific questions, including: Are there laws ofsocial science? Are causes physically connected to their effects?Is the mind a system of modules shaped by natural selection?
- Auteur:Mill, John StuartSommaire:
Considerations on Representative Government is a book by John Stuart Mill published in 1861. As the title suggests, it is an argument for representative government, the ideal form of government in Mill's opinion.
- Auteur:Gracian, BaltasarSommaire:
Wisdom for today's world from three great thinkers of the Renaissance era. This collection of three philosophical works by Renaissance men offers timeless advice on how to prosper and live morally in business, romance, religion, and society. Although written in the Renaissance era, these guides still resonate today and are collected here for easy reference. In The Art of Worldly Wisdom, Baltasar GraciAn advises people of all walks of life how to approach political, professional, and personal situations in a dog-eat-dog world. Comprised of three hundred pithy aphorisms, this influential work of philosophy offers thought-provoking and accessible advice. Some subjects include "Never Compete," "The Art of Letting Things Alone," and "Anticipate Injuries and Turn Them into Favours." Reflections; or Sentences and Moral Maxims by Francois de La Rochefoucauld offers hundreds of brief, brutally honest observations of humankind and its self-serving nature. The perfect read for any realist-or anyone with the desire to evaluate their moral standing-this edition includes three supplements with additional maxims and essays. In Maxims and Reflections, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe takes a detour from his usual literary endeavors and offers snippets of his musings on life, literature, science, nature, politics, and the human condition. Essential for fans of Goethe's works, it provides unique insight into the mind of the last true Renaissance man. This ebook has been professionally proofread to ensure accuracy and readability on all devices.
- Auteur:Sarma, DeepakSommaire:
Deepak Sarma completes the first outline in more than fifty years of India's key philosophical traditions, inventively sourcing seminal texts and clarifying language, positions, and issues. Organized by tradition, the volume covers six schools of orthodox Hindu philosophy: Mimamsa (the study of the earlier Vedas, later incorporated into Vedanta), Vedanta (the study of the later Vedas, including the Bhagavad Gita and the Upanishads), Sankhya (a form of self-nature dualism), Yoga (a practical outgrowth of Sankhya), and Nyaya and Vaisesika (two forms of realism). It also discusses Jain philosophy and the Mahayana Buddhist schools of Madhyamaka and Yogacara. Sarma maps theories of knowledge, perception, ontology, religion, and salvation, and he details central concepts, such as the pramanas (means of knowledge), pratyaksa (perception), drayvas (types of being), moksa (liberation), and nirvana. Selections and accompanying materials inspire a reassessment of long-held presuppositions and modes of thought, and accessible translations prove the modern relevance of these enduring works.
This book makes readily available a wealth of material that illustrates the application of legal principles in a Canadian context. Bickenbach has included over forty cases, each carefully edited to eliminate material not relevant to the key issues involved. Many of the important Charter of Rights decisions of the 1980s and 1990s are among the selections, but so are early landmark decisions - such as the 1930 "persons" case in which the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council overturned a ruling that the restriction of Senate appointments to "qualified persons" meant that women could not be considered.
- Auteur:de Vries, GerardSommaire:
Bruno Latour is among the most important figures in contemporary philosophy and social science. His ethnographic studies have revolutionized our understanding of areas as diverse as science, law, politics and religion. To facilitate a more realistic understanding of the world, Latour has introduced a radically fresh philosophical terminology and a new approach to social science, 'Actor-Network Theory'. In seminal works such as Laboratory Life, We Have Never Been Modern and An Inquiry into Modes of Existence, Latour has outlined an alternative to the foundational categories of 'modern' western thought particularly its distinction between society and nature that has major consequences for our understanding of the ecological crisis and of the role of science in democratic societies. Latour's 'empirical philosophy' has evolved considerably over the past four decades. In this lucid and compelling book, Gerard de Vries provides one of the first overviews of Latour's work. He guides readers through Latour's main publications, from his early ethnographies to his more recent philosophical works, showing with considerable skill how Latour's ideas have developed. This book will be of great value to students and scholars attempting to come to terms with the immense challenge posed by Latour's thought. It will be of interest to those studying philosophy, anthropology, sociology, science and technology studies, and almost all other branches of the social sciences and humanities.
- Auteur:Leslie, IanSommaire:
Lying is an intrinsic part of our social fabric, but it is also a deeply problematic and misunderstood aspect of what makes us human. Ian Leslie takes us on a fascinating journey that makes us question not only our own relationship to the truth, but also virtually every daily encounter we have. On the way he dissects the history of the lie detector, how parents affect their children’s attitude to lying (and vice versa), Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?, the philosophical ambiguity of telling the truth, Bill Clinton’s presentational prowess, Wonder Woman’s lasso of truth, and why we should be wary of anyone with more than 150 Facebook friends. Born Liars is thought-provoking, anecdotally driven narrative nonfiction at its best. Ian Leslie’s intoxicating blend of anthropology, biology, cultural history, philosophy, and popular psychology belies a serious central message: that humans have evolved and thrived in large part because of their ability to deceive.
- Auteur:Nietzsche, Friedrich WilhelmSommaire:
Nietzsche's mature masterpiece, Beyond Good and Evil considers the origins and nature of Judeo-Christian morality; the end of philosophical dogmatism and beginning of perspectivism; the questionable virtues of science and scholarship; liberal democracy, nationalism, and women's emancipation.
- Auteur:Visser, MargaretSommaire:
In spite of modern ideals and achievements in the area of freedom and choice, people today are often afflicted with a sense that they cannot change things for the better. They feel helpless, constrained, caught -- in a word, fatalistic. Beyond Fate, Margaret Visser's 2002 CBC Massey Lectures, examines why. This timely and important book investigates what fate means, and where the propensity to believe in it and accept it comes from. Visser takes an ancient metaphor -- ubiquitous, influential, perhaps unavoidable -- where time is "seen" and spoken of as though it were space; she examines how this way of picturing reality can be a useful tool to think with -- or, on the other hand, may lead us into disastrous misunderstandings. There are ways out. But first, by observing how fatalism manifests itself in our daily lives, in everything from table manners and shopping to sport, we understand our profound attachment to fate, so that we can consider its role in our lives and our cultures.
- Auteur:Vanier, JeanSommaire:
Acclaimed as a man "who inspires the world" (Maclean's) and a "nation builder" (Globe and Mail), Jean Vanier has made a difference in the lives of countless people -- including those with disabilities and the many young people who have been moved by his life's work. Becoming Human is a modern classic that continues to resonate among the generations. In a world of competition, where the strong dominate the weak, Vanier calls on each one of us to open ourselves to those we perceive as different or inferior. This, he says, is the key to true personal and societal freedom. This 10th anniversary edition includes a new introduction by the author.
Batman or Superman' Which of these heroic figures is morally superior' Which is more dramatically effective' Which is more democratic' Which shows us the better way to fight crime' Who is a morally better person' Whose actions lead to the better outcomes' Superman vs. Batman and Philosophy tries to decide "for" and "against" these two superheroes by comparing their contrasting approaches to a wide range of issues. Twenty-six philosophers evaluate Superman vs. Batman in order to decide which of them "wins" by various different criteria. Some of the writers say that Superman wins, others say Batman, and others give the result as a tie. Since both Batman, the megalomaniacal industrialist, and Superman, the darling of the media, sometimes operate outside the law, which of them makes the better vigilante'and how do they compare with Robin Hood, the anonymous donor, the Ninja, and the KKK' Which of them comes out better in terms of evolutionary biology' Which of the heroes works more effectively to resist oppression' Does Superman or Batman function better as a force for embodied intelligence' Who does more to really uphold the law' Which one is better for the environment' Which of these two supernormal guys makes a better model and inspiring myth to define our culture and our society' Is Batman or Superman the more admirable person' Who conforms more closely to Nietzsche's Ubermensch' Which one makes the more rational choices' Who makes the better god' Who is more self-sacrificing in pursuit of other people's welfare' Who goes beyond the call of duty' Which one does better at defining himself by resolving his internal conflicts' Whose explicit code of morality is superior' Which superhero gives us more satisfying dramatic conflict' (And why does a battle between the two make such a compelling drama') Which of our two candidates comes closer to Christ' Which has the sounder psychological health' Whose overall consequences are better for the world' Which one more perfectly exemplifies C.S. Lewis's concept of chivalry' What's the deeper reason Batman is so successful in videogames whereas Superman isn't' What are the advantages and disadvantages of having the two extraordinary heroes work together' Is either superhero logically or metaphysically possible' How can each of them be diagnosed as psychotic' How do they compare in masking their real identity' Whose motives are more worthy' Which one is more self-aware' Superman vs. Batman and Philosophy comes out at the same time as the movie Batman v Superman. The book cannot discuss what goes on in the movie, yet it also can't avoid doing so, since by sheer probability, many of the controversial issues between the two superheroes will be the same in both. The book will therefore naturally fit in with the numerous raging controversies that the movie unleashes.
- Auteur:Jackson, MichaelSommaire:
Philosophy and anthropology have long debated questions of difference: rationality versus irrationality, abstraction versus concreteness, modern versus premodern. What if these disciplines instead focused on the commonalities of human experience' Would this effort bring philosophers and anthropologists closer together' Would it lead to greater insights across historical and cultural divides' In As Wide as the World Is Wise, Michael Jackson encourages philosophers and anthropologists to mine the space between localized and globalized perspectives, to resolve empirically the distinctions between the one and the many and between specific forms of life and life itself. His project balances remote, epistemological practice with immanent reflection, promoting a more situated, embodied, and sensuous approach to the world and its in-between spaces. Drawing on a lifetime of ethnographic fieldwork in West Africa and Aboriginal Australia, Jackson resets the language and logic of academic thought from the standpoint of other lifeworlds. He extends Kant's cosmopolitan ideal to include all human societies, achieving a radical break with elite ideas of the subjective and a more expansive conception of truth.
- Auteur:Fancy, David, Skott-Myhre, HansSommaire:
How can we imagine a future not driven by capitalist assumptions about humans and the wider world? How are a range of contemporary artistic and popular cultural practices already providing pathways to post-capitalist futures? Authors from a variety of disciplines answer these questions through writings on blues and hip hop, virtual reality, post-colonial science fiction, virtual gaming, riot grrrls and punk, raku pottery, post-pornography fanzines, zombie films, and role playing. The essays in Art as Revolt are clustered around themes such as technology and the future, aesthetics and resistance, and ethnographies of the self beyond traditional understandings of identity. Using philosophies of immanence - describing a system that gives rise to itself, independent of outside forces - drawn from a rich and evolving tradition that includes Spinoza, Nietzsche, Deleuze, and Braidotti, the authors and editors provide an engrossing range of analysis and speculation. Together the essays, written by experts in their fields, stage an important collective, transdisciplinary conversation about how best to talk about art and politics today. Sophisticated in its theoretical and philosophical premises, and engaging some of the most pressing questions in cultural studies and artistic practice today, Art as Revolt does not provide comfortable closure. Instead, it is understood by its authors to be a "Dionysian machine," a generator of open-ended possibility and potential that challenges readers to affirm their own belief in the futures of this world. Contributors include Timothy J. Beck (University of West Georgia) Mark Bishop (Independent Scholar), Dave Collins (University of West Georgia), David Fancy (Brock University), Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw (University of Western Ontario), Malisa Kurtz (Independent Scholar), Nicole Land (Ryerson University), Eric Lochhead (Youth Author Calgary Alberta) , Douglas Ord (Doctoral Student University of Western Ontario), Peter Rehberg (Institute for Cultural Inquiry-Berlin), Chris Richardson (Young Harris College), Hans Skott-Myhre (Kennesaw State University), Kathleen Skott-Myhre (University of West Georgia), and Joanna Wasiak (Independent Scholar).