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Philosophy

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    This book makes readily available a wealth of material that illustrates the application of legal principles in a Canadian context. Bickenbach has included over forty cases, each carefully edited to eliminate material not relevant to the key issues involved. Many of the important Charter of Rights decisions of the 1980s and 1990s are among the selections, but so are early landmark decisions - such as the 1930 "persons" case in which the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council overturned a ruling that the restriction of Senate appointments to "qualified persons" meant that women could not be considered.

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    de Vries, Gerard
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    Bruno Latour is among the most important figures in contemporary philosophy and social science. His ethnographic studies have revolutionized our understanding of areas as diverse as science, law, politics and religion. To facilitate a more realistic understanding of the world, Latour has introduced a radically fresh philosophical terminology and a new approach to social science, 'Actor-Network Theory'. In seminal works such as Laboratory Life, We Have Never Been Modern and An Inquiry into Modes of Existence, Latour has outlined an alternative to the foundational categories of 'modern' western thought particularly its distinction between society and nature that has major consequences for our understanding of the ecological crisis and of the role of science in democratic societies. Latour's 'empirical philosophy' has evolved considerably over the past four decades. In this lucid and compelling book, Gerard de Vries provides one of the first overviews of Latour's work. He guides readers through Latour's main publications, from his early ethnographies to his more recent philosophical works, showing with considerable skill how Latour's ideas have developed. This book will be of great value to students and scholars attempting to come to terms with the immense challenge posed by Latour's thought. It will be of interest to those studying philosophy, anthropology, sociology, science and technology studies, and almost all other branches of the social sciences and humanities.

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    Leslie, Ian
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    Lying is an intrinsic part of our social fabric, but it is also a deeply problematic and misunderstood aspect of what makes us human. Ian Leslie takes us on a fascinating journey that makes us question not only our own relationship to the truth, but also virtually every daily encounter we have. On the way he dissects the history of the lie detector, how parents affect their children’s attitude to lying (and vice versa), Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?, the philosophical ambiguity of telling the truth, Bill Clinton’s presentational prowess, Wonder Woman’s lasso of truth, and why we should be wary of anyone with more than 150 Facebook friends. Born Liars is thought-provoking, anecdotally driven narrative nonfiction at its best. Ian Leslie’s intoxicating blend of anthropology, biology, cultural history, philosophy, and popular psychology belies a serious central message: that humans have evolved and thrived in large part because of their ability to deceive.

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    Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm
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    Nietzsche's mature masterpiece, Beyond Good and Evil considers the origins and nature of Judeo-Christian morality; the end of philosophical dogmatism and beginning of perspectivism; the questionable virtues of science and scholarship; liberal democracy, nationalism, and women's emancipation.

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    Visser, Margaret
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    In spite of modern ideals and achievements in the area of freedom and choice, people today are often afflicted with a sense that they cannot change things for the better. They feel helpless, constrained, caught -- in a word, fatalistic. Beyond Fate, Margaret Visser's 2002 CBC Massey Lectures, examines why. This timely and important book investigates what fate means, and where the propensity to believe in it and accept it comes from. Visser takes an ancient metaphor -- ubiquitous, influential, perhaps unavoidable -- where time is "seen" and spoken of as though it were space; she examines how this way of picturing reality can be a useful tool to think with -- or, on the other hand, may lead us into disastrous misunderstandings. There are ways out. But first, by observing how fatalism manifests itself in our daily lives, in everything from table manners and shopping to sport, we understand our profound attachment to fate, so that we can consider its role in our lives and our cultures.

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    Vanier, Jean
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    Acclaimed as a man "who inspires the world" (Maclean's) and a "nation builder" (Globe and Mail), Jean Vanier has made a difference in the lives of countless people -- including those with disabilities and the many young people who have been moved by his life's work. Becoming Human is a modern classic that continues to resonate among the generations. In a world of competition, where the strong dominate the weak, Vanier calls on each one of us to open ourselves to those we perceive as different or inferior. This, he says, is the key to true personal and societal freedom. This 10th anniversary edition includes a new introduction by the author.

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    Batman or Superman' Which of these heroic figures is morally superior' Which is more dramatically effective' Which is more democratic' Which shows us the better way to fight crime' Who is a morally better person' Whose actions lead to the better outcomes' Superman vs. Batman and Philosophy tries to decide "for" and "against" these two superheroes by comparing their contrasting approaches to a wide range of issues. Twenty-six philosophers evaluate Superman vs. Batman in order to decide which of them "wins" by various different criteria. Some of the writers say that Superman wins, others say Batman, and others give the result as a tie. Since both Batman, the megalomaniacal industrialist, and Superman, the darling of the media, sometimes operate outside the law, which of them makes the better vigilante'and how do they compare with Robin Hood, the anonymous donor, the Ninja, and the KKK' Which of them comes out better in terms of evolutionary biology' Which of the heroes works more effectively to resist oppression' Does Superman or Batman function better as a force for embodied intelligence' Who does more to really uphold the law' Which one is better for the environment' Which of these two supernormal guys makes a better model and inspiring myth to define our culture and our society' Is Batman or Superman the more admirable person' Who conforms more closely to Nietzsche's Ubermensch' Which one makes the more rational choices' Who makes the better god' Who is more self-sacrificing in pursuit of other people's welfare' Who goes beyond the call of duty' Which one does better at defining himself by resolving his internal conflicts' Whose explicit code of morality is superior' Which superhero gives us more satisfying dramatic conflict' (And why does a battle between the two make such a compelling drama') Which of our two candidates comes closer to Christ' Which has the sounder psychological health' Whose overall consequences are better for the world' Which one more perfectly exemplifies C.S. Lewis's concept of chivalry' What's the deeper reason Batman is so successful in videogames whereas Superman isn't' What are the advantages and disadvantages of having the two extraordinary heroes work together' Is either superhero logically or metaphysically possible' How can each of them be diagnosed as psychotic' How do they compare in masking their real identity' Whose motives are more worthy' Which one is more self-aware' Superman vs. Batman and Philosophy comes out at the same time as the movie Batman v Superman. The book cannot discuss what goes on in the movie, yet it also can't avoid doing so, since by sheer probability, many of the controversial issues between the two superheroes will be the same in both. The book will therefore naturally fit in with the numerous raging controversies that the movie unleashes.

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    Jackson, Michael
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    Philosophy and anthropology have long debated questions of difference: rationality versus irrationality, abstraction versus concreteness, modern versus premodern. What if these disciplines instead focused on the commonalities of human experience' Would this effort bring philosophers and anthropologists closer together' Would it lead to greater insights across historical and cultural divides' In As Wide as the World Is Wise, Michael Jackson encourages philosophers and anthropologists to mine the space between localized and globalized perspectives, to resolve empirically the distinctions between the one and the many and between specific forms of life and life itself. His project balances remote, epistemological practice with immanent reflection, promoting a more situated, embodied, and sensuous approach to the world and its in-between spaces. Drawing on a lifetime of ethnographic fieldwork in West Africa and Aboriginal Australia, Jackson resets the language and logic of academic thought from the standpoint of other lifeworlds. He extends Kant's cosmopolitan ideal to include all human societies, achieving a radical break with elite ideas of the subjective and a more expansive conception of truth.

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    Woods, John
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    This text is designed for the Critical Thinking and Logic courses found in philosophy and general education departments at both universities and colleges.

    The most unique feature of the text is its solid foundation in logic. The discussion of fallacies is integrated with logic in a way not seen in other texts. This treatment provides students with tools to evaluate their own and other peoples thinking logically as well as analyze and assess an argument.

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    O'Brien, Dan.
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    An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge guides the reader through the key issues and debates in contemporary epistemology. Lucid, comprehensive and accessible, it is an ideal textbook for students who are new to the subject and for university undergraduates. The book is divided into five parts. Part I discusses the concept of knowledge and distinguishes between different types of knowledge. Part II surveys the sources of knowledge, considering both a priori and a posteriori knowledge. Parts III and IV provide an in-depth discussion of justification and scepticism. The final part of the book examines our alleged knowledge of the past, other minds, morality and God. O'Brien uses engaging examples throughout the book, taking many from literature and the cinema. He explains complex issues, such as those concerning the private language argument, non-conceptual content, and the new riddle of induction, in a clear and accessible way. This textbook is an invaluable guide to contemporary epistemology.

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    Kaag, John J.
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    John Kaag, a disillusioned philosopher, stumbles upon a trove of rare books on an old estate that once belonged to the Harvard philosopher William Ernest Hocking. American Philosophy is an investigation of pragmatism and the wisdom that underlies a meaningful life.

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    Greer, John Michael
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    Progress is not just a goal in the West—it's a religion. Most people believe in its inherent value as enthusiastically and uncritically as medieval peasants believed in heaven and hell. Our faith in progress drives the popular insistence that peak oil and climate change don't actually matter—after all, our lab-coated high priests will surely bring forth yet another miracle to save us all.

    Unfortunately, progress as we've known it has been entirely dependent on the breakneck exploitation of half a billion years of stored sunlight in the form of fossil fuels. As the age of this cheap, abundant energy draws to a close, progress is grinding to a halt. Unforgiving planetary limits are teaching us that our blind faith in endless exponential growth is a dangerous myth.

    After Progress addresses this looming paradigm shift, exploring the shape of history from a perspective on the far side of the coming crisis. John Michael Greer's startling examination of the role our belief systems play in the evolution of our collective consciousness is required reading for anyone concerned about making sense of the future at a time when we must seek new sources of meaning, value, and hope for the era ahead.

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    Adventure Time and Philosophy is a monster-beating, wild ride of philosophical mayhem. The authors have come together to understand and explore one of the deepest and most thoughtful television shows ever to assault human brain waves. Where Adventure Time shows us what the world could be like, this book screws open our cranial lids, mucks about in the mess that is our heads, and attempts to come to some answers about the nature of reality. Adventure Time challenges everything we know about life, meaning, heroism, and even burritos. And it's time to give the show some serious thought. Adventure Time and Philosophy is a chance to put down your broadsword, put your exhausted monster-slaying feet up, and try to figure out why you spend your time rescuing people in distress and fighting for justice. What is justice anyway' If you don't happen to have your pocket edition of the Enchiridion on hand, and Billy the Hero *wicked guitar solo* hasn't been returning your calls, pick up Adventure Time and Philosophy and learn what it means to be a real hero! The authors of the chapters will prove that Adventure Time is much more than a cartoon, it's a way of life... It's also the future!-'a post-apocalyptic future 10,000 years after the Great Mushroom War, actually. Who better to have as companions than Finn and Jake when taking on Plato, Nietzsche, and Baudrillard or encountering the Slime Princess, the Ice King, and Marceline the Vampire Queen. In a review of the show in Entertainment Weekly, Darren Franich characterized Adventure Time as a "hybrid sci-fi/fantasy/horror/musical/fairy tale, with echoes of Calvin and Hobbes, Hayao Miyazaki, Final Fantasy, Richard Linklater, Where the Wild Things Are, and the music video you made with your high school garage band." This book is filled with chapters written by a colorful cast of characters who enlighten us about the profound and life-affirming spiritual subtext and dark comedic elements of an awesomely fantastic show.

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    Glasnovic, Jamey
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    In the follow-up to his first book, Lost and Found, Jamey Glasnovic ventures into the Himalaya to get away from the monotony of the workaday grind, searching for direction, inspiration and for his place in the world. From the Kathmandu Valley to the Middle Hills and the highest peaks on the planet, Glasnovic's journey takes him through the cultural melting pot of northeastern Nepal and up into the Khumbu Valley, traditional homeland of the Sherpa people, finding his way eventually, and without any intention of actually climbing it, to the base of that most iconic of mountains, Everest. What should be a journey back in time to a land without roads or central heating or convenience stores (and until recently without reliable electricity or internet access either), is in reality a visit to a rapidly changing collection of cultures desperate to keep up with the busy world around them. A Few Feet Short is at once a search for enlightenment, a quest for spiritual guidance, and a simple pilgrimage along ancient and well-trodden trails that begins with that age-old question 'What do I want to do with my life, anyway?'

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    TACITUS, Publius Cornelius
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    The scene of the Dialogus de Oratoribus, as this work is commonly known, is laid in the sixth year of Vespasian, 75 a.D. The commentators are much divided in their opinions about the real author; his work they all agree is a masterpiece in the kind; written with taste and judgement; entertaining, profound, and elegant. It is normally considered to have been written by Tacitus, even though some ascribe it to Quintilian. The main subject is the decadence of oratory, for which the cause is said to be the decline of the education, both in the family and in the school, of the future orator. In a certain way, it can be considered a miniature art of rhetoric.

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    Ryan, Pamela
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    Magic Carpet Flying traces psychologist Pamela Ryan's journey through her life's adventures, from the rapture of achievement to the personal anguish of loss. Drawing on childhood lessons in rural Australia and later work in the Australian outback, Africa, Asia and other parts of the world where she travelled to help others tackle the darkness of mental illness, suicide and large-scale tragedy arising from terrorist attacks and natural disasters, Ryan reveals how she not only survived trauma but turned her journey into a "magic carpet ride." Exploring what it is to "live truth," to "make ourselves up as we go along," to aim for the stars and to become the "pilot in command" of our own destiny, Pamela Ryan's unforgettable journey in Magic Carpet Flying reveals what it means to be fully alive.

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