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Social science

  • Auteur:
    Manning, Chandra
    Sommaire:

    By the end of the Civil War, nearly half a million slaves had taken refuge behind Union lines in what became known as "contraband camps." This book probes what the camps were like and how former slaves and soldiers warily united there--an alliance that helped destroy slavery.

  • Auteur:
    Micallef, Shawn
    Sommaire:

    What do your Eggs Benedict say about your notions of class? Every weekend, in cities around the world, bleary-eyed diners wait in line to be served overpriced, increasingly outré food by hungover waitstaff. For some, the ritual we call brunch is a beloved pastime; for others, a bedeviling waste of time. But what does its popularity say about shifting attitudes towards social status and leisure? In some ways, brunch and other forms of conspicuous consumption have blinded us to ever-more-precarious employment conditions. For award-winning writer and urbanist Shawn Micallef, brunch is a way to look more closely at the nature of work itself and a catalyst for solidarity among the so-called creative class. Drawing on theories from Thorstein Veblen to Richard Florida, Micallef traces his own journey from the rust belt to a cosmopolitan city where the evolving middle class he joined was oblivious to its own instability and insularity. The Trouble with Brunch is a provocative analysis of foodie obsession and status anxiety, but it's also a call to reset our class consciousness. The real trouble with brunch isn't so much bad service and outsized portions of bacon, it's that brunch could be so much more.   Praise for Shawn Micallef: ‘As Toronto grows into a more mature, more compelling city, a new group of non-academic, street-smart urbanists has emerged to appreciate it – with-it young writers, architects and men and women about town who love big cities and see things in Toronto that most of us miss. Shawn Micallef is one of the sharpest of this sharp-eyed breed.’ – Globe and Mail ‘A smart and intimate guide to the city that makes you feel like an insider from start to finish.’ – Douglas Coupland [on Stroll]

  • Auteur:
    Moore, Sylvia
    Sommaire:

    Canada’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission has sparked new discussions about reforming education to move beyond colonialist representations of history and to better reflect Indigenous worldviews in the classroom. Trickster Chases the Tale of Education considers the work of educators and Mi’kmaw community members, whose collaborative projects address the learning needs of Aboriginal people. Writing in the form of a trickster tale, Sylvia Moore contrasts Western logic and Indigenous wisdom by presenting dialogues between her own self-reflective voice and the voice of Crow, a central trickster character, in order to highlight the convergence of these two worldviews in teaching and learning. Exploring the challenges of incorporating Indigenous ways of knowing, doing, and being into education, this volume weaves together the voices of co-researchers, community members, and traditional Mi’kmaw story characters to creatively bring readers into the realm of Indigenous values. Through a detailed study of a community project to highlight the important connection between the Mi’kmaw and salmon, Moore reveals teachings of respect, reciprocity, and responsibility, and emphasizes the need for repairing and strengthening relationships with people and all other life. These dialogues demonstrate the need for educators to critically examine their assumptions about the world, decolonize their thinking, and embrace Indigenous knowledge as an essential part of curriculum. Using the power of storytelling, dreams, trickster figures and their teachings, humour, and contemplative silences, Trickster Chases the Tale of Education will resonate while providing insights into Indigenous learning and teaching.

  • Auteur:
    Bourré, Jean-Sébastien
    Sommaire:

    Ce livre jette un regard sur l’histoire et l’évolution des droits des personnes trans au Canada et ailleurs dans le monde. Il dépeint la naissance du mouvement, les changements de mentalités à travers des témoignages inspirants et les combats qu’il reste à mener. Pouvons-nous affirmer, en 2017, que tous les droits sont acquis pour la communauté trans dans les pays où elle est accueillie avec ouverture et libre d’exister ? Qu’en est-il de l’égalité sociale ? Le mouvement est-il influencé par les avancées et les reculs qui surviennent ailleurs dans lemonde ? Au cours des dernières années, le contexte mondial a favorisé l’ouverture à cette réalité et l’acceptation des personnes trans dans tous les milieux de vie. Même si certains pays demeurent fermés aux revendications de ce mouvement, on en parle davantage et des modèles trans s’affichent de plus en plus publiquement. Chaque jour, l’actualité traite de la réalité trans et de l’identité de genre à l’échellemondiale. Alors que plusieurs ne s’entendent pas sur le fait de permettre aux plus jeunes de commencer leur transition en douceur, le Canada fait figure de proue avec l’adoption d’une loi, au Québec, notamment, facilitant le changement de nom et de genre sur les documents légaux sans nécessairement avoir subi d’opération de réassignation du sexe, et ce, dès l’âge de 14 ans. Qu’en est-il ailleurs, dans lemonde ? En plus de jeter un regard nouveau sur le débat des « toilettes » et des «vestiaires » ainsi que les clivages intergénérationnels qui existent parfois concernant les revendications du mouvement trans, l’auteur cisgenre plonge dans des faits marquants de notre histoire collective et donne la parole à des figures importantes de la communauté trans afin d’éclairer le public. Avec TRANSition, Jean-Sébastien Bourré affirme haut et fort qu’il est un allié de la communauté trans et espère que vous en serez un après avoir lu cet ouvrage.

  • Auteur:
    Gin, Pascal, Goyer, Nicolas, Moser, Walter
    Sommaire:

    L’ouvrage propose trois axes de réflexion sur le concept de transfert. Dans la première partie du volume, Hans-Jürgen Lüsebrink évoque les changements contemporains qui augmentent les communications interculturelles. Walter Moser examine l’histoire des concepts et explore la possibilité de faire du « transfert culturel » un instrument qui permettrait de rendre compte de la grande mobilité culturelle que nous observons de nos jours à l’échelle mondiale. Pierre Lévy donne à cette exploration conceptuelle la plus grande amplitude en la déplaçant vers le domaine général du transfert des informations.La deuxième partie, « Le transfert et les savoirs », occupe le gros de l’ouvrage. Daniel Simeoni y explore la traductologie en documentant le parallélisme des concepts de traduction et de transfert. Dans la psychanalyse, tant comme site du savoir que comme pratique, le transfert a une longue histoire conceptuelle; Ellen Corin ouvre pourtant le dialogue à d’autres savoirs et disciplines et évoque la possibilité de déplacer latéralement les acquis de sa réflexion vers le domaine de l’anthropologie. En matière de droit criminel, Alvaro Pires explore des questions théoriques et méthodologiques du transfert, étayant ses propos d’exemples. Nicolas Goyer fait la distinction entre le « transfert généalogique » et le « transfert migratoire » pour illustrer la nécessité de contester la priorité qu’on a longtemps accordée au transfert intergénérationnel.La troisième partie explore l’imbrication des transferts et des médias. Timothy Murray explore le new media art, où se croisent le politique, le médiaticotechnologique, le psychanalytique et l’interculturel. Wolfgang Ernst s’interroge sur le « transfert » au confluent de l’ethnologie, l’ethnographie, la muséologie, l’histoire et l’analyse des cultures, en regard de la théorie et de l’histoire des médias.

  • Auteur:
    McClellan, Joseph
    Sommaire:

    Trans women-assigned male at birth and later transitioned into a female gender- are recently in media because of celebrities and controversial legislation. Therefore cis men-who identify with a masculine gender they were assigned at birth-are now called upon to share their experiences as lovers of trans women. Using theory and personal anecdotes, the author questions the codes that cis men and trans women use to interpret their own and others' gendered bodies. Joseph McClellan has taught philosophy, Buddhism, and gender studies, and translated and introduced contemporary French philosopher Michel Onfray's A Hedonist Manifesto: The Power to Exist.

  • Auteur:
    Champagne, Samuel
    Sommaire:

    « Sois jolie, sois mince, sois forte, sois polie, bien éduquée et plus intelligente », disait le père de Samuel. Pendant des années, ce dernier s'est demandé comment bien vivre, comment être une bonne fille. Il a désespérément tenté de se conformer à la norme, imitant ses amies, enfouissant toujours plus profondément son anxiété et sa douleur, souriant en public, laissant croire que rien ne clochait. Il souffrait pourtant d'épisodes dépressifs sévères et de troubles alimentaires qui mettaient sa vie en danger. Il a néanmoins donné naissance à deux enfants, dont un à dix-huit ans seulement, essayant tant bien que mal de correspondre à ce que la société voulait qu'il soit, jusqu'à ce qu'il réalise qu'en fait, il n'avait jamais été une femme. Que son corps n'était pas tel qu'il aurait dû être. Samuel est un homme, il est transsexuel, et il nous explique tout le chemin parcouru, passant du primaire au secondaire, à l'université, et aux tables d'opération de différents pays. Maintenant, son corps est plein de cicatrices, mais il a enfin l'impression d'exister.

  • Auteur:
    Gilliam, Dorothy Butler
    Sommaire:

    Dorothy Butler Gilliam, whose fifty-year-career as a journalist put her in the forefront of the fight for social justice, offers a comprehensive view of racial relations and the media in the US, covering a wide swath of media history--from the era of game-changing Negro newspapers like the Chicago Defender to the civil rights movement, feminism, and our current imperfect diversity.

  • Auteur:
    Oosten, Jarich, Miller, Barbara Helen, Buijs, Cunera, Laugrand, Frédéric, Olsthoorn, Thea, Rasing, Willem C.E., Van Dam, Kim, Zorgdrager, Nellejet
    Sommaire:

    The transfer of knowledge is a key issue in the North as Indigenous peoples meet the ongoing need to adapt to cultural and environmental change. In eight essays, experts survey critical issues surrounding the knowledge practices of the Inuit of northern Canada and Greenland and the Northern Sámi of Scandinavia, and the difficulties of transferring that knowledge from one generation to the next. Reflecting the ongoing work of the Research Group Circumpolar Cultures, these multidisciplinary essays offer fresh understandings through history and across geography as scholars analyze cultural, ecological, and political aspects of peoples in transition. Traditions, Traps and Trends is an important book for students and scholars in anthropology and ethnography and for everyone interested in the Circumpolar North. Contributors: Cunera Buijs, Frédéric Laugrand, Barbara Helen Miller, Thea Olsthoorn, Jarich Oosten, Willem Rasing, Kim van Dam, Nellejet Zorgdrager

  • Auteur:
    Berrisford, Stephen, Kihato, Caroline Wanjiku, McGaffin, Rob, Napier, Mark, Royston, Lauren
    Sommaire:

    Trading Places is about urban land markets in African cities. It explores how local practice, land governance and markets interact to shape the ways that people at society's margins access land to build their livelihoods. The authors argue that the problem is not with markets per se, but in the unequal ways in which market access is structured. They make the case for more equal access to urban land markets, not only for ethical reasons, but because it makes economic sense for growing cities and towns. If we are to have any chance of understanding and intervening in predominantly poor and very unequal African cities, we need to see land and markets differently. New migrants to the city and communities living in slums are as much a part of the real estate market as anyone else; they're just not registered or officially recognised. This book highlights the land practices of those living on the city's margins, and explores the nature and character of their participation in the urban land market. It details how the urban poor access, hold and trade land in the city, and how local practices shape the city, and reconfigures how we understand land markets in rapidly urbanising contexts. Rather than developing new policies which aim to supply land and housing formally but with little effect on the scale of the need, it advocates an alternative approach which recognises the local practices that already exist in land access and management. In this way, the agency of the poor is strengthened, and households and communities are better able to integrate into urban economies.

  • Auteur:
    Green, Ross Gordon, Healy, Kearney
    Sommaire:

    Does our current system for dealing with young offenders -- which focuses on punishment -- work? Not according to the authors of this compelling and thought-provoking book. It simply ensures that we jail more youth than any other country, including the United States. Green and Healy argue that a new approach is needed and offer ample evidence from around the world, and our own back yard, to make the case for a shift to restorative justice. The voices of their young clients illustrate the very real human costs of doing nothing. Topics covered include: causes of youth crime; special circumstances facing Aboriginal youth; fetal alcohol syndrome and effect; restorative justice techniques; innovations used in England, Australia, and New Zealand; Quebec -- an example of restorative justice in practice, as well as other innovative approaches including the Calgary Community Conferencing program; theories about crime and punishment; and the provisions of the Youth Criminal Justice Act. This book is a must read for anyone -- including counselors, social workers, lawyers, judges, educators -- who is concerned about youth crime and justice. In an easy to read format this book presents the development and current state of Canadian law, as well as different approaches that have been used in dealing with youth crime. Regardless of one's view on youth crime, this book is packed with useful information, viewpoints, and statistics on young people and the law.

  • Auteur:
    Pai, Sandeep, Carr-Wilson, Savannah
    Sommaire:

    Follow the journey of a Canadian and Indian couple, Savannah and Sandeep, as they travel the world to capture the human side of one of the biggest energy transitions of our times - the global shift from fossil fuels to renewables. In this exciting and provocative new book, readers are taken into the homes of the coal miners who live and work in Jharia, a town in India that has been on fire for the past 100 years due to poor coal mining practices. Life in Jharia is a version of Dante's inferno - 700,000 people live in the most unimaginable conditions. Yet even though residents of Jharia say they are dying slowly every day, they also say they'll never leave. Almost 11,000 kilometres away, in the Canadian oil sands, workers and indigenous people similarly describe their complex relationship with the industry that employs them. Although fossil fuel extraction is harming the environment and impacting people's way of life in the oil sands region, a much-needed shift to renewable energy could also leave communities without their livelihoods. Written in the form of a travelogue, Total Transition provides a whirlwind look at the global growth of renewable energy - highlighting exciting developments in solar and wind energy in Canada, India, Africa and Europe, and discussing hurdles standing in the way of a total transition. Energy experts and leaders of innovative renewable energy projects share hope and optimism about the future of fossil fuel workers and their communities in an increasingly renewable world.

  • Auteur:
    Ruprecht, Tony
    Sommaire:

    Toronto is truly a city of communities. Designed for tourists and for residents, Toronto’s Many Faces is the one and only guide to the multicultural character of the city, featuring profiles of more than 60 ethnic communities, including local histories, festivals, food, and art. The book identifies each community - where its people come from, why, when, and where they settled in Toronto. The contribution of each community is also traced, with biographical notes on prominent people whose achievements have been extraordinary. Monuments, memorials, theatres, museums, cultural centres, and restaurants are identified, while detailed maps and photographs of festival events help bring the city’s varied communities to life. Toronto’s Many Faces is a guide for tourists, a sourcebook for newcomers, a directory for businesses and organizations, and a passport for Torontonians to the many cultures that exist at their doorsteps.

  • Auteur:
    Smith, Brad
    Sommaire:

    With a foreword by Bill Gates From Microsoft's President and one of the tech industry's wisest thinkers, a frank and thoughtful reckoning with how to balance enormous promise and existential risk as the digitization of everything accelerates. Microsoft President Brad Smith operates by a simple core belief: when your technology changes the world, you bear a responsibility to help address the world you have helped create. This might seem uncontroversial, but it flies in the face of a tech sector long obsessed with rapid growth and sometimes on disruption as an end in itself. Now, though, we have reached an inflection point: Silicon Valley has moved fast and it has broken things. A new understanding has emerged that companies that create technology must accept greater responsibility for the future. And governments will need to regulate technology by moving faster and catching up with the pace of innovation that is impacting our communities and changing the world. In Tools and Weapons, Brad Smith takes us into the cockpit of one of the world's largest and most powerful tech companies as it finds itself in the middle of some of the thorniest emerging issues of our time. These are challenges that come with no preexisting playbook, including privacy, cybercrime and cyberwar, social media, the moral conundrums of AI, big tech's relationship to inequality and the challenges for democracy, far and near. While in no way a self-glorifying "Microsoft memoir," the book opens up the curtain remarkably wide onto some of the company's most crucial recent decision points, as it strives to protect the hopes technology offers against the very real threats it also presents. Every tool can be a weapon in the wrong person's hands, and companies are being challenged in entirely new ways to embrace the totality of their responsibilities. We have moved from a world in which Silicon Valley could take no prisoners to one in which tech companies and governments must work together to address the challenges and adapt to the changes technology has unleashed. There are huge ramifications to be thought through, and Brad Smith provides a marvelous and urgently necessary contribution to that effort.

  • Auteur:
    Long, John S., Brown, Jennifer S. H.
    Sommaire:

    Honouring anthropologist Richard J. Preston and his outstanding career with the Crees in northern Quebec, Together We Survive presents new research by Preston's colleagues, former students, and family members who - like him - have established long-term, respectful research partnerships and friendships with Aboriginal communities. Demonstrating the influential nature of Preston's collaborative approach on anthropologists in Canada and beyond, the essays in Together We Survive explore development and urbanization, material culture, and conflict. Scholars who conducted research in the 1960s with Crees farther to the south broaden the scope of Preston's Cree Narrative (2002). A Cree colleague and friend expands on his study of traditional Cree songs. Other essays widen the geographical, historical, and cultural foci of the book beyond the Quebec Crees, examining the significance of a beaded hood at Red River in 1844, scrutinizing symbols of Anishinaabe identity, and describing the struggle for indigenous human rights at the United Nations. Building on Preston's pioneering work in cultural anthropology, Together We Survive recounts the ways in which the eastern James Bay Cree and other aboriginal peoples, faced with massive incursions on their lands and lives, have collaborated and formed respectful partnerships as they seek to survive and thrive in peace. Contributors include Regna Darnell (Western), Harvey A. Feit (McMaster), John S. Long (Nipissing), Stan L. Louttit, Richard T. McCutcheon (Algoma), the late Cath Oberholtzer (Trent), Laura Peers (Oxford), Jennifer Preston, Susan Preston, Adrian Tanner (Memorial) and Cory Willmott (Southern Illinois).

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    Major thinkers engage with King's less studied writing, arguing its marginalization has let King be drafted into projects he would not endorse.

  • Auteur:
    Morozov, Evgeny
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    In the very near future, “smart” technologies and “big data” will allow us to make large-scale and sophisticated interventions in politics, culture, and everyday life. Technology will allow us to solve problems in highly original ways and create new incentives to get more people to do the right thing. But how will such “solutionism” affect our society, once deeply political, moral, and irresolvable dilemmas are recast as uncontroversial and easily manageable matters of technological efficiency? What if some such problems are simply vices in disguise? What if some friction in communication is productive and some hypocrisy in politics necessary? The temptation of the digital age is to fix everything—from crime to corruption to pollution to obesity—by digitally quantifying, tracking, or gamifying behavior. But when we change the motivations for our moral, ethical, and civic behavior we may also change the very nature of that behavior. Technology, Evgeny Morozov proposes, can be a force for improvement—but only if we keep solutionism in check and learn to appreciate the imperfections of liberal democracy. Some of those imperfections are not accidental but by design.

    Arguing that we badly need a new, post-Internet way to debate the moral consequences of digital technologies, To Save Everything, Click Here warns against a world of seamless efficiency, where everyone is forced to wear Silicon Valley's digital straitjacket.

  • Auteur:
    Delany, Samuel R.
    Sommaire:

    If one street in America can claim to be the most infamous, it is surely 42nd Street. Between Seventh and Eighth Avenues, 42nd Street was once known for its peep shows, street corner hustlers and movie houses. Over the last two decades the notion of safety-from safe sex and safe neighborhoods, to safe cities and safe relationships-has overcome 42nd Street, giving rise to a Disney store, a children's theater, and large, neon-lit cafes. 42nd Street has, in effect, become a family tourist attraction for visitors from Berlin, Tokyo, Westchester, and New Jersey's suburbs.

    Samuel R. Delany sees a disappearance not only of the old Times Square, but of the complex social relationships that developed there: the points of contact between people of different classes and races in a public space. In Times Square Red, Times Square Blue, Delany tackles the question of why public restrooms, peepshows, and tree-filled parks are necessary to a city's physical and psychological landscape. He argues that starting in 1985, New York City criminalized peep shows and sex movie houses to clear the way for the rebuilding of Times Square. Delany's critique reveals how Times Square is being "renovated" behind the scrim of public safety while the stage is occupied by gentrification.

    Times Square Red, Times Square Blue paints a portrait of a society dismantling the institutions that promote communication between classes, and disguising its fears of cross-class contact as "family values." Unless we overcome our fears and claim our "community of contact," it is a picture that will be replayed in cities across America.

  • Auteur:
    Shaw, Liane
    Sommaire:

    Before she began writing books for teens, Liane Shaw was an elementary teacher. She brings her gifts for storytelling and humor to this account of her journey into the lives of emotionally challenged students. With little in the way of experience or resources, she found herself thrust into the most challenging kind of teaching imaginable. From the moment Shaw meets her first two boys, as they sit teetering precariously on top of a bookshelf while swearing at the principal, she is both fascinated and terrified. Funny yet sad, strong yet vulnerable, these boys are both the bullies and the bullied. All from different backgrounds, the one thing they have in common is that the odds are against them and that the myriad efforts of the adults involved in their lives often do more harm than good. Shaw moves from frustration to determination. Readers will root for her to succeed, as invested in the success of these kids as she is. Students and teachers continue to face the same challenges, and our education system is still struggling to cope with its most vulnerable students. Shaw’s wish in sharing her story is clear – that as adults we can help children with mental health issues heal and succeed, and that stories like hers can be moved to the history shelf.

  • Auteur:
    Schulman, Sarah
    Sommaire:

    Although acceptance of difference is on the rise in America, it's the rare gay or lesbian person who has not been demeaned because of his or her sexual orientation, and this experience usually starts at home, among family members. Whether they are excluded from family love and approval, expected to accept second-class status for life, ignored by mainstream arts and entertainment, or abandoned when intervention would make all the difference, gay people are routinely subjected to forms of psychological and physical abuse unknown to many straight Americans. "Familial homophobia," as prizewinning writer and professor Sarah Schulman calls it, is a phenomenon that until now has not had a name but that is very much a part of life for the LGBT community. In the same way that Susan Brownmiller's Against Our Will transformed our understanding of rape by moving the stigma from the victim to the perpetrator, Schulman's Ties That Bind calls on us to recognize familial homophobia. She invites us to understand it not as a personal problem but a widespread cultural crisis. She challenges us to take up our responsibilities to intervene without violating families, community, and the state. With devastating examples, Schulman clarifies how abusive treatment of homosexuals at home enables abusive treatment of homosexuals in other relationships as well as in society at large. Ambitious, original, and deeply important, Schulman's book draws on her own experiences, her research, and her activism to probe this complex issue-still very much with us at the start of the twenty-first century-and to articulate a vision for a more accepting world.

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