Do both the zoo and the mental hospital induce psychosis, as humans are treated as animals and animals are treated as humans? How have we looked at animals in the past, and how do we look at them today? How have zoos presented themselves, and their purpose, over time? In response to the emergence of environmental and animal studies, anthropologists, sociologists, philosophers, theorists, literature scholars, and historians around the world have begun to explore the significance of zoological parks, past and present. Zoo Studies considers the modern zoo from a range of approaches and disciplines, united in a desire to blur the boundaries between human and nonhuman animals. The volume begins with an account of the first modern mental hospital, La Salpêtrière, established in 1656, and the first panoptical zoo, the menagerie at Versailles, created in 1662 by the same royal architect; the final chapter presents a choreographic performance that imagines the Toronto Zoo as a place where the human body can be inspired by animal bodies. From beginning to end, through interdisciplinary collaboration, this volume decentres the human subject and offers alternative ways of thinking about zoos and their inhabitants. This collection immerses readers in the lives of animals and their experiences of captivity and asks us to reflect on our own assumptions about both humans and animals. An original and groundbreaking work, Zoo Studies will change the way readers see nonhuman animals and themselves.
- Author:McDonald, Tracy, Vandersommers, DanielSummary:
- Author:Sudo, Philip ToshioSummary:
Unleash the song of your soul with Zen Guitar, a contemplative handbook that draws on ancient Eastern wisdom and applies it to music and performance. Each of us carries a song inside us, the song that makes us human. Zen Guitar provides the key to unlocking this song-a series of life lessons presented through the metaphor of music. Philip Sudo offers his own experiences with music to enable us to rediscover the harmony in each of our lives and open ourselves to Zen awareness uniquely suited to the Western Mind. Through fifty-eight lessons that provide focus and a guide, the reader is led through to Zen awareness. This harmony is further illuminated through quotes from sources ranging from Eric Clapton and Jimi Hendrix to Miles Davis. From those who have never strummed a guitar to the more experienced, Zen Guitar shows how the path of music offers fulfillment in all aspects of life-a winning idea and an instant classic.
- Author:Pirsig, Robert M.Summary:
Acclaimed as one of the most exciting books in the history of American letters, this modern epic became an instant bestseller upon publication in 1974, transforming a generation and continuing to inspire millions. A narration of a summer motorcycle trip undertaken by a father and his son, the book becomes a personal and philosophical odyssey into fundamental questions of how to live. Resonant with the confusions of existence, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance is a touching and transcendent book of life.
- Author:Edmonds, DavidSummary:
A train is racing toward five men, tied to the track. Unless the train is stopped, it will inevitably kill all five men. If a fat man is pushed onto the line, although he will die, his body will stop the train, saving five lives. Would you kill the fat man? As David Edmonds shows, answering the question is far more complex, and important, than it first appears. In fact, how we answer it tells us a great deal about right and wrong. 'This is a highly engaging book. David Edmonds' reflections are full of insight' ROGER CRISP, University of Oxford
An important selection from the largely unknown writings of women philosophers of the early modern period. Each selection is prefaced by a headnote giving a biographical account of its author and setting the piece in historical context. Atherton’s Introduction provides a solid framework for assessing these works and their place in modern philosophy.
- Author:Santiáñez, NilSummary:
This original and insightful book establishes a reciprocal relationship between Ludwig Wittgenstein’s notion of ethics and the experience of war. It puts forth an interpretation of Wittgenstein’s early moral philosophy that relates it to the philosopher’s own war experience and applies Wittgenstein’s ethics of silence to analyze the ethical dimension of literary and artistic representations of the Great War. In a compelling book-length essay, the author contends that the emphasis on “unsayability” in Wittgenstein’s concept of ethics is a valuable tool for studying the ethical silences embedded in key cultural works reflecting on the Great War produced by Mary Borden, Ellen N. La Motte, Georges Duhamel, Leonhard Frank, Ernst Friedrich, and Joe Sacco. Exploring their works through the lens of Wittgenstein’s moral philosophy, this book pays particular attention to their suggestion of an ethics of war and peace by indirect means, such as prose poetry, spatial form, collage, symbolism, and expressionism. This cultural study reveals new connections between Wittgenstein’s philosophy, his experience during the First World War, and the cultural artifacts produced in its aftermath. By intertwining ethical reflection and textual analysis, Wittgenstein’s Ethics and Modern Warfare aspires to place Wittgenstein’s moral philosophy at the centre of discussions on war, literature, and the arts.
- Author:Robertson, Ray.Summary:
Shortly after completing his sixth novel, Ray Robertson suffered a depression of suicidal intensity. Central to his recovery was the decision to try and answer two of the biggest questions we can ask. What makes humans happy? And what makes a life worth living? His answers aren't what you might expect from a mental illness memoir'but they're exactly what you'd expect from Ray Robertson. With the vitality of Nick Hornby and a brashness all his own, Robertson runs his hands over life, death, intoxication and art. Unashamedly working-class and unabashedly literary, Why Not? is a rolling, rocking, anti-Sisyphean odyssey.
- Author:Roszak, TheodoreSummary:
Roszak analyzes the single-vision philosophy of the Judeo-Christian tradition and its descendant, science. These two seemingly opposing philosophies are seen as the foundation of the creation of the dominant technocracy which is poisoning the planet and alienating humanity.
- Author:Sesardic, NevenSummary:
Philosophers usually emphasize the importance of logic, clarity and reason. Therefore when they address political issues they will usually inject a dose of rationality in these discussions, right' Wrong. This book gives a lot of examples showing the unexpected level of political irrationality among leading contemporary philosophers. The body of the book presents a detailed analysis of extreme leftist views of a number of famous philosophers and their occasional descent into apology for-and occasionally even active participation in-totalitarian politics. Most of these episodes are either virtually unknown (even inside the philosophical community) or have received very little attention. The author tries to explain how it was possible that so many luminaries of twentieth-century philosophy, who invoked reason and exhibited rigor and careful thinking in their professional work, succumbed to irrationality and ended up supporting some of the most murderous political regimes and ideologies. The huge leftist bias in contemporary philosophy and its persistence over the years is certainly a factor but it is far from being the whole story. Interestingly, the indisputably high intelligence of these philosophers did not actually protect them from descending into political insanity. It is argued that, on the contrary, both their brilliance and the high esteem they enjoyed in the profession only made them more self-confident and less cautious, thereby eventually making them blind to their betrayal of reason and the monstrosity of the causes they defended.
- Author:Holt, JimSummary:
From Jim Holt, New York Times bestselling author of Why Does the World Exist', comes When Einstein Walked with GOdel: Excursions to the Edge of Thought, an entertaining and accessible audiobook guide to the most profound scientific and mathematical ideas of recent centuries Does time exist' What is infinity' Why do mirrors reverse left and right but not up and down' In this scintillating collection, Holt explores the human mind, the cosmos, and the thinkers who've tried to encompass the latter with the former. With his trademark clarity and humor, Holt probes the mysteries of quantum mechanics, the quest for the foundations of mathematics, and the nature of logic and truth. Along the way, he offers intimate biographical sketches of celebrated and neglected thinkers, from the physicist Emmy Noether to the computing pioneer Alan Turing and the discoverer of fractals, Benoit Mandelbrot. In this audiobook, Holt offers a painless and playful introduction to many of our most beautiful but least understood ideas, from Einsteinian relativity to string theory, and also invites listeners to consider why the greatest logician of the twentieth century believed the U.S. Constitution contained a terrible contradiction-and whether the universe truly has a future.
- Author:TWAIN, MarkSummary:
"What Is Man?", published by Mark Twain in 1906, is a dialogue between a young man and an older man jaded to the world. It involves ideas of destiny and free will, as well as of psychological egoism. The Old Man asserted that the human being is merely a machine, and nothing more. The Young Man objects, and asks him to go into particulars and furnish his reasons for his position. This collection of short stories covers a wide range of Twain's interests: the serious, the political and the ironically humorous.
- Author:Crooks, JamesSummary:
Does the world we inhabit offer us hospitality or indifference? This question is central to the spiritual literature of all cultures. In We Find Ourselves Put to the Test James Crooks returns to the Bible's book of Job to explore the enduring relevance of that question and its philosophical dimensions. Beginning with the puzzle of Job's famous stoicism and nihilism in the face of loss, Crooks explores the contradictions of suffering as dramatized in the dialogue between Job and his friends. How is it that the friends' attempt to comfort Job with a rational explanation of his misfortune devolves seamlessly into victim blaming? How is it that Job's own renunciation of life at the nadir of his pain converts into an intellectual patience that outlasts the advocates of rational explanation? We Find Ourselves Put to the Test gives a portrait of the suffering protagonist looking into the heart of a creation that is, by necessity, both indifferent and hospitable. A philosophical exploration of one of the most enigmatic books in the Bible, We Find Ourselves Put to the Test goes beyond critical interpretation and suggests a way of reading the book of Job that is animated by a consideration of the reader's narratives and communities, and the limits of his or her own understanding.
- Author:Thoreau, Henry DavidSummary:
Walden is a classic of American philosophy that describes Thoreau's concepts of self-reliance and individualism. In "On the Duty of Civil Disobedience," he develops the philosophy of nonviolent political protest.
- Author:Berne, AlexandreSummary:
Lorsque nous questionnons le sens de l’existentialité de l’être humain sur la planète, les pensées divergent. Certains d’entre-nous soutiennent J.J. Rousseau dans le fait que l’homme est fondamentalement bon et d’autres, à l’instar de Darwin considèrent que l’homme n’est que le fruit d’une évolution où seuls les plus forts survivent. Serait-il possible en fait que l’homme soit fondamentalement bon, mais déconnecté de sa nature humaine et de sa sensibilité parce qu’il est stimulé à vivre comme un imbécile? La théorie de cette philosophie nous laisse penser que c’est le contexte de nos modes de vie qui rendrait la vie parfois difficile à l’homme au point de le pousser à commettre des gestes irréparables. Dans Vivre sur Terre, le prix à payer, celui-ci serait fondamentalement bon et se déstabilise par des influences externes à lui. Ce livre développe précisément cette théorie en fonction de notre époque. S’applique-t-elle à nous aujourd’hui ?
- Author:Bregman, RutgerSummary:
We live in a time of unprecedented upheaval, with questions about the future, society, work, happiness, family and money, and yet no political party of the right or left is providing us with answers. Rutger Bregman, a bestselling Dutch historian, explains that it needn't be this way.
Bregman shows that we can construct a society with visionary ideas that are, in fact, wholly implementable. Every milestone of civilization - from the end of slavery to the beginning of democracy - was once considered a utopian fantasy. New utopian ideas such as universal basic income and a 15-hour work week can become reality in our lifetime.
This guide to a revolutionary yet achievable utopia is supported by multiple studies, lively anecdotes and numerous success stories. From a Canadian city that once completely eradicated poverty, to Richard Nixon's near implementation of a basic income for millions of Americans, Bregman takes us on a journey through history, beyond the traditional left-right divides, as he introduces ideas whose time has come.
- Author:Kingwell, MarkSummary:
Meet the 'fast zombie' citizen of the current world. He is a rapid, brainless carrier of preference-driven consumption. His Facebook-style 'likes' replace complex notions of personhood. Legacy college admissions and status-seekers gobble up his idea of public education, and positional market reductions hollow out his sense of shared goods. Meanwhile, the political debates of his 24-hour-a-day newscycle are picked clean by pundits, tortured by tweets. Forget the TV shows and doomsday scenarios; when it comes to democracy, the zombie apocalypse may already be here. Since the publication of'A Civil Tongue'(1995), philosopher Mark Kingwell has been urging us to consider how monstrous, self-serving public behaviour can make it harder to imagine and achieve the society we want. Now, with'Unruly Voices, Kingwell returns to the subjects of democracy, civility, and political action, in an attempt to revitalize an intellectual culture too-often deadened by its assumptions of personal advantage and economic value. These 17 new essays, where zombies share pages with cultural theorists, poets, and presidents, together argue for a return to the imagination'and from their own unruly voices rises a sympathetic democracy to counter the strangeness of the postmodern political landscape.
- Author:Barrette, PaulSummary:
Cet ouvrage propose au lecteur diverses pistes de réflexion sur des enjeux existentiels déterminants. Tous les sujets élaborés suggèrent des voies d’accomplissement personnel par l’élargissement de son horizon de sens. L’auteur pose ainsi l’indépassable question du sens de l’existence – du tréfonds de laquelle émerge une soif de vivre en plénitude. Ce besoin s’ouvre sur la quête d’un Sens ultime. Aucun raisonnement, exclusivement rationnel, ne saurait jamais ni le limiter ni l’épuiser, car il paraît toujours irréductible aux promesses d’un monde par trop superficiel et unidimensionnel. Tout à l’opposé d’une science, d’une philosophie, d’une théologie dont les recherches, les interrogations, les hypothèses sont en reformulations constantes. Ce besoin fondamental de trouver des raisons significatives de vivre, souvent arrachées au non-sens du néant, au non-être, exige aussi qu’on en éprouve les valeurs. Et jamais avec autant d’acuité, voire d’urgence, en ces jours où il devient vital de garder espoir. Car il faut surmonter les inévitables embûches se dressant sur son parcours de vie, pour éviter de la voir s’engloutir parfois dans l’absurde, la folie…jusqu’au suicide – plus fréquent que jamais – tel l’ultime recours pour échapper aux tourments d’une détresse d’enfer. Alors même qu’on baigne dans une culture sans âme, se conjuguant à l’éphémère, au « toujours plus », à la marchandisation des relations et du corps, non sans creuser un dramatique déficit de sens, jusqu’à désespérer de soi-même et d’autrui…
- Author:Huenemann, CharlesSummary:
The three great historical philosophers most often associated with rationalism - Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz - opened up ingeneous and breathtaking vistas upon the world. Yet their works are so difficult that readers often find themselves stymied. Understanding Rationalism offers a guide for anyone approaching these thinkers for the first time. It unlocks their intricate metaphysical systems, which are by turns surprising, compelling and sometimes bizarre. It also lays out their controversial stanceson moral, political and religious problems. The study is framed by an opening discussion of the broad themes and attitudes common to these three philosophers and a closing analysis of the legacy they left for the rest of philosophy.
- Author:Borins Ash, IreneSummary:
Irene Borins Ash captures the vitality of senior citizens in a series of photographs with biographical sketches and life philosophies. The fifty people featured represent a cross-section of the population, ranging from the famous to the physically and intellectually challenged. Included are June Callwood, David Suzuki, Dr. Jean Vanier and Oscar Peterson. Striking black-and-white photographs accompany the text that demonstrates the possibility of aging wonderfully, with purpose, joy and achievement
- Author:McClellan, JosephSummary:
Trans women-assigned male at birth and later transitioned into a female gender- are recently in media because of celebrities and controversial legislation. Therefore cis men-who identify with a masculine gender they were assigned at birth-are now called upon to share their experiences as lovers of trans women. Using theory and personal anecdotes, the author questions the codes that cis men and trans women use to interpret their own and others' gendered bodies. Joseph McClellan has taught philosophy, Buddhism, and gender studies, and translated and introduced contemporary French philosopher Michel Onfray's A Hedonist Manifesto: The Power to Exist.