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Innovation and its enemies : why people resist new technologies

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  • Author: Juma, Calestous

    Drawing from nearly 600 years of technology history, Innovation and Its Enemies identifies the tension between the need for innovation and the pressure to maintain continuity, social order, and stability as one of today's biggest policy challenges. It reveals the extent to which modern technological controversies grow out of distrust in public and private institutions. Using detailed case studies of coffee, the printing press, margarine, farm mechanization, electricity, mechanical refrigeration, recorded music, transgenic crops, and transgenic animals, it shows how new technologies emerge, take root, and create new institutional ecologies that favor their establishment in the marketplace. The book uses these lessons from history to contextualize contemporary debates surrounding technologies such as artificial intelligence, online learning, 3D printing, gene editing, robotics, drones, and renewable energy. It ultimately makes the case for shifting greater responsibility to public leaders to work with scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs to manage technological change, make associated institutional adjustments, and expand public engagement on scientific and technological matters.

    • Gales of creative destruction
    • Brewing trouble: coffee
    • Stop the presses: printing the Koran
    • Smear campaigns: margarine
    • Gaining traction: farm mechanization
    • Charged arguments: electricity
    • Cool reception: mechanical refrigeration
    • Facing the music: recorded sound
    • Taking root: transgenic crops
    • Swimming against the current: AquAdvantage salmon
    • Oiling the wheels of novelty.
    Original Publisher: New York, NY, Oxford University Press
    Language(s): English
    ISBN: 0190467037, 9780190467036