Tutorial: Burn a DAISY Disc

Before You Start

These instructions are for any DAISY or MP3 audiobook smaller than 700 MB in size. If the book is larger than 700 MB in size, please refer to the "Large Books" instructions below.

CD Brands:  Just about any blank CD-R or CD-R/W should work, but DVDs will not work in DAISY players The only brand we've ever had problems with are Verbatim CD-R/W. Please let us know if you encounter problems with other brands so that we can add them to this short list.

Transferring Books: If you are using CDs to transfer books from one computer to another, and not play them directly on a DAISY player, you can burn multiple NNELS books to a CD, and even more of them to a DVD. In this case, you would burn the folders or zip files onto the CD or DVD, rather than the folder contents as directed in the instructions below.

Windows Instructions

Instructions for Windows 8.1 users are on a separate page.

  1. Download and then unzip the NNELS title (instructions).
  2. Open the folder containing the unzipped files.
  3. From inside the folder, select the "Burn" option from the menu options in the window, or right-click for the "Burn" option. Please note that if you are burning a disc for playing in a DAISY reader, you must burn only the folder's contents, not the folder itself.
  4. If given the option, choose to burn a "Data" CD for books to play on a DAISY player. If you plan to listen to the book on a CD player, see these instructions for burning an audio CD.
  5. Follow your computer's prompts to complete the process.

For more detailed instructions, especially about downloading and unzipping, please see the attached document, courtesy of the Public Library Services Branch, Province of Manitoba.

Mac Instructions

  1. Download and then unzip the NNELS title (instructions).
  2. Open the folder containing the unzipped files.
  3. Select all of the files. Please note that if you are burning a disc for playing in a DAISY reader, you must burn only the folder's contents, not the folder itself.
  4. Right-click and select the "Burn items to disc" option. Follow your computer's prompts to complete the process.

Trouble-shooting

  • If burning requires multiple discs, check that you're burning a "data" CD rather than a "music" or "audio" CD.
  • If your burned disc won't play, confirm that you burned the folder's contents, not the folder itself. Also confirm that you burned a Daisy book, not a PDF or e-text file. Still won't play? Please contact NNELS Support.
  • If your Victor Reader reports "Media Error 1" - according to the Victor Reader manual, this is an "Error reading sector on disc." Recommendation: burn a new disc. If you have get the same error with subsequent discs, please contact NNELS Support and tell us what brand of CD you're using.

Large Books (greater than 700 MB)

Books larger than 700 MB in size will usually not fit onto a single CD. There are several options for how to proceed with such large books:

Can the user load the files from portable media, such as a USB stick or SD card?

  • If so, we recommend delivery of one or more titles on a USB stick, which users can load onto their computers or devices.
  • If a device cannot be connected to a computer through USB, but can accept other portable media, such as a SD card, files can easily be transferred between the two.

Can the device load DVD?

  • If so, the book can be burned and delivered on a DVD instead of a CD.

Is the device CD-only?

Depending on the circumstances, there are several options:

  1. If DAISY navigation is not a requirement, the simplest option is to unzip the book, and then isolate all the MP3 audio files. Select about half the book and burn those MP3 tracks to the first CD, and then select the rest of the files and burn them to a second CD. To date, there are no audiobooks in NNELS that would take up more than two discs.
  2. If DAISY navigation is a requirement, it is possible to downgrade the audio files to make them smaller to fit on a CD. However, downgrading audio files has a tendency to distort sound, so downgrade with caution.
    • To downgrade MP3 audio files, begin by looking at the bitrate of the original MP3 (right click on the file, select "Get Info" or "Properties"), then use an audio conversion program to convert it to a lower bitrate MP3. Depending on your computer you can try converting using iTunes. Audacity is a free, open-source audio editor with instructions on how to convert the bitrate; you will need to install a MP3 converter for Audacity.
    • Check the results to ensure the sound is not too distorted, and when finished, replace the original MP3 files with your converted ones.

Does the device have text-to-speech capabilities?

Many titles have  text embedded, especially for synthesized narration productions. Check for a "contents.html" or similar file inside the downloaded DAISY .zip. If the device does not support .html, it can easily be converted to .doc, .docx, or .rtf by opening the .html in a word processing program, such as Microsoft Word, and saving in the appropriate format.

Burning Multiple Books to a Single CD

It is possible to burn more than one audiobook to a CD, so long as there is enough room on the disc, and so long as you don't need fully-accessible DAISY (you only need the MP3 audio files).

To burn multiple books, you need to make sure the files all have unique names so that the books play sequentially. Here are the steps we recommend:

  1. Download and unzip the books.
  2. Check the file names in the folders to see if they use a consistent naming convention or a unique one.
    • If the file names are unique (e.g. one book begins with aud001.mp3 and another begins with 01title.mp3, go on to the next step.
    • If the file names are the same (e.g. both books begin with tracks called aud001.mp3), rename the MP3 files in the folder that has the fewest MP3 files (to save you a bit of time). To bulk rename files, you can use programs such as Advanced Renamer for Windows, or Tag Editor for Macs. For example, if the audio files are named aud001, aud002, etc, you can rename them to baud001, baud002. If there is a third book to burn to the CD using the same naming convention, you can rename its files caud001, caud002, and so forth.
  3. Copy all of the MP3 audio files from each of the books and paste them into a single folder.
  4. Double-check the file size of the folder by right-clicking on the folder icon and selecting "Properties" (Windows) or "Get Info" (Mac).
  5. Once all MP3 files are in place and have unique names, burn the files to disc by following the instructions above

Thank you to Belinda from the Cape Breton Regional Library for letting us know this is possible!

More File Renaming Programs

There are many programs that will rename files quickly and easily.

MP3Tag is the most notable as you can tell it to rename files based on the MP3 title tag or to edit the tags themselves. They also have lots of documentation on how to convert between the two using the various menu options.

Total Commander is an alternative to Windows Explorer. One of the built-in functions is a multi-file rename tool, with documentation on using the multi-rename tool.

muCommander is an alternative to the Mac Finder. One of the built-in functions is a multi-file rename tool.

 

 

Did we miss something? Please let us know if you find any errors in these instructions, have suggestions for improvements, or have questions that aren’t answered here.

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